17 Facts About Baroque garden


Baroque garden was a style of garden based upon symmetry and the principle of imposing order on nature.

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The original Baroque garden was drastically modified by the later addition of the Vatican Library.

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The Baroque garden was composed of five terraces, elaborately planted in geometric forms and connected with ramps and stairways.

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Baroque garden planted groves of full-grown trees and laid out parterres, alleys and fountains on the model of the gardens of her native Florence.

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French Baroque garden reached its summit under Louis XIV, due to his garden designer, Andre Le Notre.

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The central feature of this Baroque garden was a main axis descending from the chateau, composed of a series of terraces decorated with parterres of low hedges in ornamental designs.

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Large basins with jeux d'eau were placed along the central axis, and the Baroque garden was set between rows of trimmed trees on the left and right, to lead the eye on the long perspective to the last fountain and grotto below.

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The Baroque garden was meant to be seen from the chateau, which overlooked it like the box of a theater.

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Baroque garden commissioned Le Notre to design a similar, but vastly larger, garden, for his own projected Palace of Versailles.

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Centrepiece of the Baroque garden was the Fountain of Apollo, the symbol of Louis XIV, the sun king himself, surrounded by a network of paths, basins, colonnades, theaters, and monuments.

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The Baroque garden became an outdoor theatre for pageants, promenades, theatre performances, and fireworks shows.

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Baroque garden style was first introduced to Germany in 1614 by Frederick V of the Palatinate, who imported a French landscape architect, Salomon de Caus, and began building a garden called the Hortus Palatinus at his castle in Heidelberg.

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Baroque garden borrowed some features of Dutch gardens, which he had visited in his research, including a canal surrounding the garden and wedge-shaped parterres surrounded by low hedges.

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The upper palace and Baroque garden was used for grand ceremonies, while the lower Baroque garden, by his residence, was arranged with groves of trees and crisscrossed by paths.

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At the beginning of the 18th century, he created a Baroque garden modelled after Versailles at the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, not far from Segovia.

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The Baroque garden designer was Rene Carlier, who had worked under Robert de Cotte, one of the leading French royal architects.

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Baroque garden brought the French architect Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond to St Petersburg to design new gardens for his new capital city and for his new palace.

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