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26 Facts About Battery Park
Battery Park and surrounding area is named for the artillery batteries that were built in the late 17th century to protect the settlement behind them.
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In 1940, the entirety of Battery Park was closed for twelve years due to the construction of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel and the Battery Park Underpass.
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The Battery Conservancy, founded in 1994 by Warrie Price, underwrote and funded the restoration and improvement of the once-dilapidated park.
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Battery Park did not fire any additional shots until 1776, during the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War, when American troops commandeered the fort and fired on British ships in an unsuccessful attempt to prevent them from sailing up the Hudson River.
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At the time, the shore at the Battery Park was a relatively flat edge.
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The West Battery Park was never used, and following the war, the artillery battery was renamed Castle Clinton.
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When Battery Park's landmass was created, it encircled and incorporated the island.
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However, the expansion of Battery Park was opposed by wealthy merchants who deemed the proposed enlargement to be dangerous to maritime traffic, and they obtained the opinion of a United States Navy lieutenant who agreed with them.
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The New York Elevated Railroad Company opened the Battery Place elevated station at Battery Place, on the park's northern end, in 1872.
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Opposition to structures in Battery Park was such that even the construction of the IRT subway under Battery Park was opposed by the Manhattan parks commissioner.
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In 1940, Battery Park was partially closed for the construction of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel, and the aquarium was shuttered.
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The following year, the Brooklyn-Battery Park Tunnel opened, and the South Ferry elevated station was removed after the closure of the last elevated line leading to the station.
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The Harbor Battery Park legislation was part of a city proposal to create a larger tourist destination out of these sites, focused chiefly around New York Harbor's history.
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Battery Park City was constructed as a luxury waterfront neighborhood through the 1970s and 1980s.
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However, by the 1990s, Battery Park was worn down, and many of the nearby residents and tourists shunned it altogether, except when taking boats to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
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Much of the funding was to be raised privately, and at the time, this was thought to be a minor obstacle since Battery Park was neither as high-profile as Central Park, nor as worn-down as Bryant Park.
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Southwestern corner of the Battery Park contains the SeaGlass Carousel, an attraction with bioluminescent design that pays homage not only to the carousel's waterfront site, but to Castle Clinton's former status as an aquarium.
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Battery Park is the site of numerous memorials and monuments placed there over the years.
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Castle Clinton was originally called the West Battery Park, it was built as a fort just prior to the War of 1812.
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Battery Park contains over 20 monuments, many of which are clustered in an area called "Monument Walk".
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Battery Park contains the Battery Bikeway, a component piece of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway, a system of parks, bikeways, and promenades around Manhattan Island.
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The Brooklyn–Battery Park Tunnel, opened 1950, carries vehicular traffic to Brooklyn.
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The Battery Park Underpass, opened 1951, carries vehicular traffic from the West Side Highway to the FDR Drive.
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