27 Facts About Hudson River


Hudson River is a 315-mile river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York.

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The Hudson River was the eastern outlet for the Erie Canal, which, when completed in 1825, became an important transportation artery for the early 19th century United States.

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Hudson River was called or Ca-ho-ha-ta-te-a by the Haudenosaunee, and it was known as ("river that flows two ways" or "waters that are never still") or by the Mohican nation who formerly inhabited both banks of the lower portion of the river.

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Tidal Hudson is unusually straight for a river, and the earliest colonial Dutch charts of the Hudson River designated the narrow, meandering stretches as racks, or reaches.

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Source of the Hudson River is Lake Tear of the Clouds in the Adirondack Park at an elevation of 4, 322 feet.

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Longest source of the Hudson River as shown on the most detailed USGS maps is the "Opalescent River" on the west slopes of Little Marcy Mountain, originating two miles north of Lake Tear of the Clouds, several miles, past the Flowed Lands, to the Hudson River.

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The river enters the Hudson Valley, flowing along the west bank of Albany and the east bank of Rensselaer.

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Lower Hudson River is actually a tidal estuary, with tidal influence extending as far as the Federal Dam in Troy.

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The deeply eroded old riverbed beyond the current shoreline, Hudson Canyon, is a rich fishing area.

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At that time, the Hudson River emptied into the Atlantic Ocean through a more westerly course through parts of present-day northern New Jersey, along the eastern side of the Watchung Mountains to Bound Brook, New Jersey and then on into the Atlantic Ocean via Raritan Bay.

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The Hudson River has a relatively short history of erosion, so it does not have a large depositional plain near its mouth.

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Lower Hudson River was inhabited by the Lenape, while further north, the Wappingers lived from Manhattan Island up to Poughkeepsie.

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Hudson River landed on the western shore of the bay and claimed the territory for the Netherlands.

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Hudson River then proceeded upstream as far as present-day Troy before concluding that no such strait existed there.

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In 1807, the North Hudson River Steamboat, became the first commercially successful steamboat.

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The Hudson River Railroad was established in 1849 on the east side of the river as a way to bring passengers from New York City to Albany.

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For example, the Environmental Protection Agency ordered General Electric (GE), which had polluted a 200-mile stretch of the river, to remove PCBs from the site of its old factory in Hudson Falls, as well as to remove millions of cubic yards of contaminated sediment from the river bottom.

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In conjunction with conservation efforts, the Hudson River region has seen an economic revitalization, especially in favor of green development.

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The Hudson River was designated as an American Heritage River in 1997.

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Hudson River is navigable by large steamers up to Troy, and by ocean-faring vessels to the Port of Albany.

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Hudson River is crossed at numerous points by bridges, tunnels, and ferries.

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The width of the Lower Hudson River required major feats of engineering to cross; the results are today visible in the George Washington Bridge and the 1955 Tappan Zee Bridge as well as the Lincoln and Holland Tunnels and the PATH and Pennsylvania Railroad tubes.

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The Troy Union Bridge between Waterford and Troy was the first bridge over the Hudson River; built in 1804 and destroyed in 1909; its replacement, the Troy–Waterford Bridge, was built in 1909.

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Hudson River's sediments contain a significant array of pollutants, accumulated over decades from industrial waste discharges, sewage treatment plants, and urban runoff.

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In 1984, EPA declared a 200-mile stretch of the river, from Hudson Falls to New York City, as a Superfund site requiring cleanup, one of the largest such site designations in the country.

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Entire Hudson River was once far more populated with native suspension-feeding bivalves.

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Hudson River estuary is the site of wetlands from New York City all the way up to Troy.

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