18 Facts About Bed bugs


Bed bugs are insects from the genus Cimex that feed on blood, usually at night.

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Bed bugs spend much of their time in dark, hidden locations like mattress seams, or cracks in a wall.

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Bed bugs have been known human parasites for thousands of years.

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Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and by certain chemicals.

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Definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping environment as symptoms are not sufficiently specific.

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Bed bugs can exist singly but tend to congregate once established.

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Bed bugs can be detected by their characteristic smell of rotting raspberries.

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Bed bugs advised people never to sit down on public transport; check office chairs, plane seats, and hotel mattresses; and monitor and vacuum home beds once a month.

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Close all wall openings or gaps; bed bugs tend to hide in dark places and cracked walls are a perfect spot for them to infest.

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Bed bugs are particularly difficult to eradicate in apartment complexes as harbors can exist in other areas of the building when single units are treated.

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Additionally, bed bugs are reaching places in which they never established before, such as southern South America.

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Bed bugs were first mentioned in ancient Greece as early as 400 BC, and later by Aristotle.

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Pliny's Natural History, first published circa AD 77 in Rome, claimed bed bugs had medicinal value in treating ailments such as snake bites and ear infections.

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Belief in the medicinal use of bed bugs persisted until at least the 18th century, when Guettard recommended their use in the treatment of hysteria.

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Bed bugs were mentioned in Germany in the 11th century, in France in the 13th century, and in England in 1583, though they remained rare in England until 1670.

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Some in the 18th century believed bed bugs had been brought to London with supplies of wood to rebuild the city after the Great Fire of London .

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The increase in bed bug populations in the early 20th century has been attributed to the advent of electric heating, which allowed bed bugs to thrive year-round instead of only in warm weather.

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Bed bugs were a serious problem at US military bases during World War II.

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