14 Facts About Bell Labs


Bell Labs had its origin in the complex corporate organization of the Bell System telephone conglomerate.

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In 1927, a Bell team headed by Herbert E Ives successfully transmitted long-distance 128-line television images of Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover from Washington to New York.

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Bell Labs discovered that radio waves were being emitted from the center of the galaxy.

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In 1943, Bell Labs developed SIGSALY, the first digital scrambled speech transmission system, used by the Allies in World War II.

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In 1947, the transistor, probably the most important invention developed by Bell Labs Laboratories, was invented by John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain, and William Bradford Shockley.

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Bell Labs introduced a series of increasingly complex calculators through the decade.

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Bell Labs designed many of the major system elements and conducted fundamental investigations of phase-controlled scanning antenna arrays.

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Also in 1985, Bell Labs Laboratories was awarded the National Medal of Technology "For contribution over decades to modern communication systems".

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Bell Labs immediately began studying biological systems using the optical tweezers, which are now widely used to investigate the machinery of life.

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Bell Labs was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work involving optical tweezers and their application to biological systems.

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In July 2014, Bell Labs announced it had broken "the broadband Internet speed record" with a new technology dubbed XG-FAST that promises 10 gigabits per second transmission speeds.

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Bell Labs Laboratories Record was a principal house organ, featuring general interest content such as corporate news, support staff profiles and events, reports of facilities upgrades, but articles of research and development results written for technical or non-technical audiences.

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Essentially all of the landmark work done by Bell Labs is memorialized in one or more corresponding monographs.

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On May 20, 2014, Bell Labs announced the Bell Labs Prize, a competition for innovators to offer proposals in information and communication technologies, with cash awards of up to $100, 000 for the grand prize.

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