29 Facts About Bluenose


Bluenose was a fishing and racing gaff rig schooner built in 1921 in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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The name Bluenose originated as a nickname for Nova Scotians from as early as the late 18th century.

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Bluenose was constructed by Smith and Rhuland in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

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Bluenose was launched on 26 March 1921, and christened by Audrey Smith, daughter of the shipbuilding Richard Smith.

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Bluenose was built to be a racing ship and fishing vessel, in response to the defeat of the Nova Scotian fishing schooner Delawana by the Gloucester, Massachusetts fishing schooner Esperanto in 1920, in a race sponsored by the Halifax Herald newspaper.

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Bluenose was completed in April 1921 and performed her sea trials out of Lunenburg.

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Bluenose, being a Lunenburg schooner, used the dory trawl method.

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Bluenose then defeated the American challenger Elsie, for the International Fishermen's Trophy, returning it to Nova Scotia in October 1921.

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The following year, Bluenose defeated the American challenger Henry S Ford, this time in American waters off Gloucester.

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In 1923, Bluenose faced Columbia, another American yacht newly designed and constructed to defeat the Canadian schooner.

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Bluenose was the last schooner of her type constructed for the fishing fleet in Gloucester.

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Bluenose won handily, beating the American schooner in both races.

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In 1933, Bluenose was invited to the World's Fair in Chicago, stopping in Toronto on her return voyage.

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In 1935, Bluenose sailed to Plymouth after being invited as part of the Silver Jubilee of King George V During her visit, she took part in a race with schooner-yachts, specifically designed for racing.

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On her return trip to Nova Scotia, Bluenose encountered a strong gale that lasted for three days.

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Enough damage was done to the schooner that Bluenose was forced to return to Plymouth to effect repairs.

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Bluenose was made seaworthy enough to sail to Lunenburg where further repairs were done.

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In 1936, Bluenose had diesel engines installed and topmasts removed to allow the schooner to remain on the fishing grounds year-round.

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In 1937, Bluenose was challenged once more by the American schooner Gertrude L Thebaud in a best-of-five series of races for the International Fisherman's Trophy.

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Bluenose won the second which was sailed off Gloucester, but a protest over the ballast aboard Bluenose led to modifications to the schooner.

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Bluenose was found to be too long at the waterline for the competition.

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The alterations completed, Bluenose won the third race sailed off Gloucester, by an even greater margin than the second race.

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Bluenose has been featured on a 1982 60-cent stamp that commemorated the International Philatelic Youth Exhibition.

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Bluenose is featured on a 1988 37-cent issue that celebrated Bluenose skipper Angus Walters.

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Bluenose appears on a 2021 commemorative silver dollar issued by the Royal Canadian Mint, in honour of its centennial.

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Bluenose II was sold to the government of Nova Scotia in 1971 for the sum of $1 or 10 Canadian dimes.

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Bluenose II spends much of the year tied up at the Lunenburg Foundry wharf in its home port of Old Town Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, a UNESCO World Heritage site and origin of its predecessor.

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Bluenose cited the need for a new ambassador for Nova Scotia and Canada, listing the particulars at a Bluenose IV website.

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The name Bluenose III is owned by the province of Nova Scotia, and Roue could not reach an agreement for its use on the new schooner; Roue and North Atlantic Enterprises proceeded anyway, under the name Bluenose IV.

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