51 Facts About Botswana


Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert.

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Botswana has a GDP per capita of about $18, 113 as of 2021, one of the highest in Africa.

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Botswana is the first African country to host Forbes 30 Under 30 and the 2017 Netball World Youth Cup.

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Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Customs Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.

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In October 2019 researchers reported that Botswana was the birthplace of all modern humans about 200, 000 years ago.

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These proto-Kalanga were closely connected to states in Zimbabwe as well as to the Mapungubwe state and the notable of these was Domboshaba ruins, a cultural and heritage site in Botswana originally occupied towards the end of the Great Zimbabwe period, with stone walls that have an average height of 1.

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These states, located outside of current Botswana's borders, appear to have kept massive herds of cattle in what is the Central District—apparently at numbers approaching modern cattle density.

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From that point on, the modern-day border between South Africa and Botswana was agreed on, and the Afrikaners and Batswana traded and worked together comparatively peacefully.

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Botswana was succeeded by Festus Mogae, who was elected in his own right in 1999 and re-elected in 2004.

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Botswana represents the Botswana Democratic Party, which has won a majority in every parliamentary election since independence.

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Northern Botswana has one of the few remaining large populations of the endangered African wild dog.

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Since raising livestock has been profitable for the people of Botswana, they continue to exploit the land with dramatically increasing numbers of animals.

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The Okavango Delta is one of the major semi-forested wetlands in Botswana and one of the largest inland deltas in the world; it is a crucial ecosystem to the survival of many animals.

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The stipulation of the US reducing Botswana's debt is that Botswana will focus on more extensive conservation of the land.

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The Constitution of Botswana is the rule of law, which protects the citizens of Botswana and represents their rights.

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Botswana was ranked as a "flawed democracy" and 33rd out of 167 states in the 2020 Democracy Index, higher than Italy and Belgium, and just below the Czech Republic.

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In 2019, Botswana signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

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The Botswana government gave the United States permission to explore the possibility of establishing an Africa Command base in the country.

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Botswana's councils created from urban or town councils are: Gaborone City, Francistown, Lobatse Town, Selebi-Phikwe Town, Jwaneng Town, Orapa Town and Sowa Township.

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Since independence, Botswana has had one of the fastest growth rates in per capita income in the world.

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Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to an upper middle-income country.

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Ministry of Trade and Industry of Botswana is responsible for promoting business development throughout the country.

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Botswana has a high level of economic freedom compared to other African countries.

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Botswana is ranked second only to South Africa among sub-Saharan Africa countries in the 2014 International Property Rights Index.

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Botswana imports refined petroleum products and electricity from South Africa.

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Energy in Botswana is a growing industry with tremendous potential.

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Since the mid-1990s the central government of Botswana has been trying to move San out of their historic lands.

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For example, the main ethnic group of Botswana is the Tswana people, hence the name Botswana for its country.

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Besides referring to the language of the dominant people groups in Botswana, Setswana is the adjective used to describe the rich cultural traditions of the Batswana—whether construed as members of the Tswana ethnic groups or of all citizens of Botswana.

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Botswana literature belongs somewhere in the strong African literary writing circles.

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In recent times and to date Botswana has seen a remarkable appearance of distinguished writers whose genres range from historical, political and witty story writing.

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Botswana's published a book on the history of Serowe, Serowe: Village of the Rainwind.

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Botswana's had written a story of two prophets, one wealthy and one who lived poorly, called Jacob: The Faith-Healing Priest.

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Botswana's music is mostly vocal and performed, sometimes without drums depending on the occasion; it makes heavy use of string instruments.

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Cuisine of Botswana mostly includes meat as Botswana is a cattle country.

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Examples of Botswana food are: Bogobe, pap, boerewors, samp, Magwinya (fried dough bread) and mopane worms.

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Botswana is an associate member of the International Cricket Council.

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Botswana became a member of The International Badminton Federation and Africa Badminton Federation in 1991.

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Botswana won the country's first Olympic medal in 2012 when runner Nijel Amos won silver in the 800 metres.

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On 7 August 2021 Botswana won the bronze medal in the Men's 4 × 400 metres relay at the Olympics in Tokyo.

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Botswana has made great strides in educational development since independence in 1966.

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Botswana is planning to use science and technology to diversify its economy and thereby reduce its dependence on diamond mining.

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Botswana published its updated National Policy on Research, Science and Technology in 2011, within a UNESCO project sponsored by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development.

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Botswana was ranked 106th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 93rd in 2019.

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In 2009, Botswana-based company Deaftronics launched a solar-powered hearing aid after six years of prototype development.

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Botswana was selected to participate because of its ideal location in the southern hemisphere and environment, which could enable easier data collection from the universe.

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Botswana Railways is the national railway company, which forms a crucial link in the Southern African regional railway system.

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Botswana Railways offers rail-based transport facilities for moving a range of commodities for the mining sector and primary industries, as well as passenger-train services and dry ports.

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Ministry of Health in Botswana is responsible for overseeing the quality and distribution of healthcare throughout the country.

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Botswana has been hit very hard by the AIDS pandemic; in 2006 it was estimated that life expectancy at birth had dropped from 65 to 35 years.

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Botswana is one of 21 priority countries identified by the UN AIDS group in 2011 in the Global Plan to eliminate new HIV infections among children and to keep their mothers alive.

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