18 Facts About Calvinism


Calvinism is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Calvinism is named after John Calvin and was first used by a Lutheran theologian in 1552.

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Calvinism was adopted in the Electorate of the Palatinate under Frederick III, which led to the formulation of the Heidelberg Catechism in 1563.

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Calvinism was declared the official religion of the Kingdom of Navarre by the queen regnant Jeanne d'Albret after her conversion in 1560.

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Calvinism became the dominant doctrine within the Church of Scotland, the Dutch Republic, some communities in Flanders, and parts of Germany, especially those adjacent to the Netherlands in the Palatinate, Kassel and Lippe, spread by Olevianus and Zacharias Ursinus among others.

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Calvinism gained some popularity in Scandinavia, especially Sweden, but was rejected in favor of Lutheranism after the Synod of Uppsala in 1593.

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The five points were more recently popularized in the 1963 booklet The Five Points of Calvinism Defined, Defended, Documented by David N Steele and Curtis C Thomas.

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The former view, sometimes called "high Calvinism", argues that the Fall occurred partly to facilitate God's purpose to choose some individuals for salvation and some for damnation.

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Infralapsarianism, sometimes called "low Calvinism", is the position that, while the Fall was indeed planned, it was not planned with reference to who would be saved.

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Calvinism'storic Anglicanism is a part of the wider Reformed tradition, as "the founding documents of the Anglican church—the Book of Homilies, the Book of Common Prayer, and the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion—expresses a theology in keeping with the Reformed theology of the Swiss and South German Reformation.

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Hyper-Calvinism first referred to a view that appeared among the early English Particular Baptists in the 18th century.

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The term occasionally appears in both theological and secular controversial contexts, where it usually connotes a negative opinion about some variety of theological determinism, predestination, or a version of Evangelical Christianity or Calvinism that is deemed by the critic to be unenlightened, harsh, or extreme.

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New Calvinism is a growing perspective within conservative Evangelicalism that embraces the fundamentals of 16th century Calvinism while trying to be relevant in the present day world.

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Calvinism reinterpreted some of these passages, and suggested that others of them had been rendered irrelevant by changed conditions.

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Calvinism dismissed the argument that it is wrong to charge interest for money because money itself is barren.

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Calvinism said that the walls and the roof of a house are barren, too, but it is permissible to charge someone for allowing him to use them.

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Calvinism was the first prominent philosopher who demanded tolerance for atheists.

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Calvinism's political thought aimed to safeguard the rights and freedoms of ordinary men and women.

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