25 Facts About Darmstadt


Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area .

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Darmstadt holds the official title "City of Science" as it is a major centre of scientific institutions, universities, and high-technology companies.

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Darmstadt is the seat of the world's oldest pharmaceutical company, Merck, which is the city's largest employer.

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Darmstadt was formerly the capital of a sovereign country, the Grand Duchy of Hesse and its successor, the People's State of Hesse, a federal state of Germany.

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Name Darmstadt first appears towards the end of the 11th century, then as Darmundestat.

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Darmstadt was chartered as a city by the Holy Roman Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian in 1330, at which time it belonged to the counts of Katzenelnbogen.

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Darmstadt was the first city in Germany to force Jewish shops to close in early 1933, shortly after the Nazis took power in Germany.

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Several prominent members of the German resistance movement against the Nazis were citizens of Darmstadt, including Wilhelm Leuschner and Theodor Haubach, both executed for their opposition to Hitler's regime.

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Darmstadt was first bombed on 30 July 1940, and 34 other air raids would follow before the war's end.

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TU Darmstadt is one of the important technical institutes in Germany and is well known for its research and teaching in the Electrical, Mechanical and Civil Engineering disciplines.

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Darmstadt is highly connected to all means of transportation, including the Autobahn Network, the Intercity-Express Network and a major international airport.

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Darmstadt is connected to a number of major roads, including two Autobahnen .

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The backbone of public transport in Darmstadt is its modern tram system with 9 lines and a local bus service serving all parts of the city.

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Darmstadt is furthermore connected to the Frankfurt S-Bahn system and being served by regional bus lines.

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Darmstadt is connected to the Frankfurt rapid transit network by S-Bahn line S3.

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Darmstadt is served by several national and European bus links which connect Darmstadt with other German and European cities.

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Darmstadt was the capital of an independent country until 1871 and the capital of the German state of Hesse until 1945.

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The Botanischer Garten in eastern Darmstadt is a botanical garden maintained by the Technische Universitat Darmstadt with a fine collection of rare plants and trees.

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Protestant Stadtkirche Darmstadt built in 1369, is in the pedestrian zone of the downtown city center, next to the historic Hotel Bockshaut.

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The Russian Chapel in Darmstadt is a Russian orthodox church which is still in use.

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City of Darmstadt offers students a broad variety of public primary, secondary and tertiary schools.

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Protestant University of Applied Sciences Darmstadt is an officially recognised and Church-sponsored University.

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Darmstadt is home to many research institutions such as the Fraunhofer Society and the Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung, which operates a particle accelerator in northern Darmstadt.

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Darmstadt is a centre for the pharmaceutical and chemical industry, with Merck, Rohm and Schenck RoTec having their main plants and centres here.

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Darmstadt is a centre for the IT and telecommunications industry, with companies like Software AG, T-Systems and Deutsche Telekom .

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