18 Facts About Devizes


Devizes remained under Royalist control until 1645, when Oliver Cromwell attacked and forced the Royalists to surrender.

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Devizes Castle was built by Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury in 1080, but the town is not mentioned in the Domesday Book.

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Devizes received its first charter in 1141 permitting regular markets.

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Devizes remained under Royalist control until 1645, when Oliver Cromwell attacked and forced the Royalists to surrender.

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In 1810 the county Militia, quartered at Devizes, mutinied and the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry were called out to quell the disturbances.

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Devizes has more than 500 listed buildings, a large number for a town of its size.

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The Trust for Devizes has a Town Trail map which provides a guide to many of them.

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Devizes is 90 miles west-southwest of central London, lying almost 2° west of the Greenwich Meridian, with the two-degree line running through the western edge of the town, just a few hundred yards west of the castle.

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Devizes is a civil parish with an elected town council.

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Devizes is part of the Devizes constituency, represented in the House of Commons by one Member of Parliament elected by the first past the post system.

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Devizes has always been a market town and the market square is still used for that purpose every Thursday, and for farmers' markets on the first Saturday of each month.

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Devizes has bus connections to surrounding towns including Swindon, Trowbridge, Salisbury, Bath and Chippenham, each of which have rail services.

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Devizes has a daily National Express coach service to and from London Victoria, via Heathrow Airport.

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Devizes has six primary schools: St Joseph's Catholic Primary School, Southbroom St James Academy, Southbroom Infants' School, Wansdyke Community School, Nursteed Community Primary School and The Trinity CofE Primary School.

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Devizes has four Church of England parish churches, and has had nonconformist congregations since the 17th century.

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The building was enlarged in 1790 and extended in Early English style in the mid-19th century, becoming known as St Mary's Congregational Church; from 1842 Devizes was the head of the Wiltshire and East Somerset Congregational Union.

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Devizes is policed by Wiltshire Police, who have their headquarters on London Road in the town.

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Fire and rescue services in Devizes are provided by Dorset and Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service, who have a fire station with a retained staff.

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