19 Facts About Durham Report


Report on the Affairs of British North America, commonly known as the Durham Report or Lord Durham's Report, is an important document in the history of Quebec, Ontario, Canada and the British Empire.

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Durham Report's team drew upon a long tradition of petitioning and the example of political activism in Britain.

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Durham Report visited the United States and wrote that he had assumed that he would find that the rebellions had been based on liberalism and economics.

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Durham Report had become the Governor-General in Lower Canada in 1837 but soon submitted his resignation because of his conflict with British Parliament mostly because of his progressive nature.

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Durham Report believed the British Parliament should give the colonies more power by a responsible government.

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Lord Durham Report was sent back to Canada in 1838 by British Parliament and the Crown to investigate the cause behind the rebellions of both Upper and Lower Canada and propose suggestions to fix any remaining problems and lessen the chance of future rebellions.

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Lord Durham Report found that although the rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada were over, peace and unity were yet to be found in Canada.

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Durham Report brought along a small but highly talented staff, most notably including Charles Buller and Edward Gibbon Wakefield.

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Durham Report was entitled "Durham Report on the Affairs of British North America".

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Durham Report had believed that to be inevitable because of the progressive nature of the colony's neighbour, the United States.

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Durham Report recommended the creation of a municipal government and a supreme court in British North America.

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Durham Report was interested in not only unifying Upper and Lower Canada but including Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

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Durham Report wanted to resolve the issue of land over Prince Edward Island, but those suggestions failed to come to fruition since the Maritime Provinces were then uninterested.

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However, Durham Report believed that the problems in mostly Lower Canada were not of a political nature, but rather of an ethnic one.

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Lord Durham Report had not recommended this approach and had instead proposed that the representation should be based on the respective populations of the two regions.

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Lord Durham Report believed that, to eliminate the possibility of rebellions, French Canadians must be overwhelmed by British culture and the English language.

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Durham Report did not see any of its recommendations come into force in the African and Asian colonies, but some limited democratic reforms in India became possible that otherwise would not have been.

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Durham Report resigned on 9 October 1838 amid controversy excited in London by his decision of the penal questions and was replaced by Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham, who was responsible for implementing the Union of the Canadas.

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The report of Durham was laid before Parliament in London on 11 February 1839.

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