41 Facts About El Paso


El Paso is a city in and the seat of El Paso County in the western corner of the U S state of Texas.

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El Paso has consistently been ranked as one of the safest large cities in America.

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El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juarez, the most-populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua with over 1.

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El Paso region has had human settlement for thousands of years, as evidenced by Folsom points from hunter-gatherers found at Hueco Tanks.

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In 1680, the small village of El Paso became the temporary base for Spanish governance of the territory of New Mexico as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, until 1692, when Santa Fe was reconquered and became the capital.

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El Paso remained the largest settlement in New Mexico as part of the Republic of Mexico until its cession to the U S in 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the border was to run north of El Paso De Norte around the Ciudad Juarez Cathedral which became part of the state of Chihuahua.

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El Paso County was established in March 1850, with San Elizario as the first county seat.

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El Paso itself, incorporated in 1873, encompassed the small area communities that had developed along the river.

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In turn, as in the rest of the United States, the Depression era overall hit the city hard, and El Paso's population declined through the end of World War II, with most of population losses coming from the non-Hispanic White community.

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Additionally, the departure of region's rural population, which was mostly non-Hispanic White, to cities like El Paso, brought a short-term burst of capital and labor, but this was balanced by additional departures of middle-class Americans to other parts of the country that offered new and better-paying jobs.

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El Paso is located at the intersection of three states and two countries .

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El Paso is located within the Chihuahuan Desert, the easternmost section of the Basin and Range Region.

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El Paso has a transitional climate between cold desert climate and hot desert climate featuring hot summers, with little humidity, and cool to mild dry winters.

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Today, central El Paso has grown into the center of the city's economy and a thriving urban community.

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Dr James Day, an El Paso historian, said that downtown's main business area was originally centered between Second Avenue and San Francisco Avenue.

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West-central El Paso is located north of Interstate 10 and west of the Franklin Mountains.

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El Paso is surrounded by many cities and communities in both Texas and New Mexico.

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El Paso's second-tallest building, the Wells Fargo Plaza, was built in the early 1970s as State National Plaza.

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El Paso has a diversified economy focused primarily within international trade, military, government civil service, oil and gas, health care, tourism, and service sectors.

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El Paso has added a significant manufacturing sector with items and goods produced that include petroleum, metals, medical devices, plastics, machinery, defense-related goods, and automotive parts.

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El Paso is home to one Fortune 500 company, Western Refining, which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange .

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The second publicly traded company is Helen of Troy Limited, a NASDAQ-listed company that manufactures personal health-care products under many labels, such as OXO, Dr Scholl's, Vidal Sassoon, Pert Plus, Brut, and Sunbeam, and the third is El Paso Electric listed on the NYSE, a public utility engaging in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in West Texas and southern New Mexico.

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El Paso Balloonfest is an annual event celebrated on Memorial Day weekend and is self described as "3 days of hot air balloons filling the El Paso skies, 3 afternoons of concerts and fun in the sun at Wet N' Wild Waterworld in Anthony, Texas".

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El Paso Symphony was established in the 1930s, and is the oldest performing-arts organization in El Paso and the longest continuously running symphony orchestra in Texas.

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El Paso dissipated due to financial trouble in 1997 and Heuser retired from UTEP soon after.

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El Paso provides the only platform for young ballet dancers to train and perform at such a level within the city since the folding of Ballet El Paso.

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El Paso City Ballet is a current professional ballet company in El Paso, providing local employment for professional dancers in the field of ballet.

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El Paso is home to the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest consecutive college football contest .

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The current city manager is Tommy Gonzalez and the current mayor of El Paso is Oscar Leeser, who was elected to the office in 2020 .

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El Paso is home to the University of Texas at El Paso, the largest public university in the region.

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Also due to its proximity, many El Paso students attend New Mexico State University where the school offers in-state tuition to El Paso County residents.

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The University of El Paso offers the country's only bilingual M F A creative writing program.

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El Paso is home to bi-national economic development groups; the Hub of Human Innovation and Technology Hub.

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El Paso was the largest city in the United States without a PBS television station within the city limits until 1978.

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El Paso viewers had to watch channel 22, KRWG, from Las Cruces until 1978.

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El Paso is the medical hub of West Texas and Southern New Mexico, hosting numerous state-of-the-art medical centers.

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El Paso is served by El Paso International Airport and Amtrak via the historic Union Depot.

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Several roads and highways connect El Paso, including Interstate 10, US Highway 54, Spur 601, US Highway 180 and US Highway 62, US Highway 85, Loop 375, Loop 478, numerous Texas Farm-to-Market roads and the city's original thoroughfare, State Highway 20, the eastern portion of which is known locally as Alameda Avenue .

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In 2009, El Paso was home to number 52, number 98, and number 100 of the 100 most congested roads in Texas, which are, respectively: North Zaragoza Road between Sun Fire Boulevard and Interstate 10; Lee Trevino Drive between Montana Avenue and Interstate 10; and Interstate 10 between Patriot Freeway and Loop 375.

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The city of El Paso has a slightly lower than average percentage of households without a car.

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At the close of 1943, the holding company El Paso Electric sold its subsidiary, the El Paso Electric Railway Company and its Mexican counterpart, to one of National City Lines' subsidiaries.

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