44 Facts About Erlangen


Erlangen is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany.

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Erlangen is located on the edge of the Middle Franconian Basin and at the floodplain of the Regnitz River.

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Erlangen is first mentioned by name in a document from 1002.

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However, as the name Erlangen is unique to today's town in Germany, the certificate could have only referred to it.

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Local researchers therefore concluded that Erlangen must have already gained so much in extent that in 1063, Henry IV took his residence there with many princes and bishops and was therefore the seat of a King's Court.

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In 1367 the emperor spent three days in Erlangen and gave the "citizen and people of Erlangen" grazing rights in the imperial forest.

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Erlangen gave the usual town privileges: Collection of tolls, construction of a department store with bread and meat bank and the construction of a defensive wall.

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Erlangen sold his Frankish possessions, including Erlangen, to his brother-in-law, the Nuremberg burgrave Johann III due to lack of funds in 1402.

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The Erlangen coining facility ceased its operation because the Munzmeister was executed for counterfeiting in Nuremberg.

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Erlangen was raided and plundered again, this time by Bavarian troops.

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Erlangen was spared from the Peasants' War in 1525 and the introduction of the Reformation in 1528 was peaceful.

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However, when Margrave Albert Alcibiades triggered the Second Margrave War, Erlangen was attacked again by the Nurembergers and partially destroyed.

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Old town of Erlangen has been completely destroyed several times, most recently in the great fire of 1706.

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Erlangen was thus one of the first Lutheran princes in Germany to accept Calvinists into his country and even to guarantee them the freedom to practise their religion.

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In Erlangen, this resulted in the special case of two neighbouring planned cities, which is probably unique in the history of European ideal cities.

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The old city of Erlangen, which was actually older and still managed independently until 1812, is younger in terms of architectural history than the new city of Erlangen.

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In 1862 the district office Erlangen was formed, from which the administrative district Erlangen emerged.

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Five years later, the Erlangen university became the first German university with its student representation controlled by the party, making it a centre of nationalist and anti-democratic sentiment.

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In 1983, Erlangen was one of the first cities in Bavaria to begin to reappraise its National Socialist history in an exhibition at the city's museum.

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Erlangen itself remained an independent town and became the seat of the new administrative district.

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Erlangen was awarded the title "Federal Capital for Nature and Environmental Protection" in 1990 and 1991 for its highly successful policy of creating a balance between economy and ecology.

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Population of Erlangen met the presence of the Americans with mixed feelings.

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Second decisive event for the development of Erlangen was the foundation of the university, in addition to the foundation of the Neustadt.

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The threatened closure was only averted because Erlangen had the only Lutheran theological faculty in the kingdom.

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Population of Erlangen initially belonged to the Diocese of Wurzburg, from 1017 to the Archdiocese of Bamberg.

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In 1802 the Protestant communities of Erlangen were placed under the control of the Royal Prussian Consistory in Ansbach and after the transfer of the city to Bavaria they became part of the Protestant Church of the Kingdom of Bavaria, which initially comprised Lutheran and Reformed communities.

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The Lutheran congregations still belong today to the deanery of Erlangen, which had been founded as deanery for both confessions and since 1919 only serves the Lutheran congregations.

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The main task of the Erlangen priest was the pastoral care in the city of Erlangen and the St Martin's Chapel on the Martinsbuhl, which was now named for the first time.

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Erlangen was Prussian until 1806, then French for four years.

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Previous Erlangen Curate was elevated to parish status in 1813, during which time the relationship between the confessions had relaxed completely.

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The number of Catholics in Erlangen grew through immigration and incorporation, especially after the Second World War, so that today there is only a slight predominance in favour of Protestants.

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Since 1937 Erlangen has been the seat of a dean's office, which was reorganized in the course of the state territorial reform on 1 November 1974.

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In 1432 Jews were first mentioned in a document in Erlangen, as was a rabbi in 1478.

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Erlangen has a constituency in the Bundestag, currently represented by Stefan Muller from the CSU.

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Population in Erlangen is comparatively politically active and makes particular use of the opportunity for direct democracy, as shown by the high number of referendums in recent years, which have all achieved the necessary turnout to be legally binding:.

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Economy in Erlangen is essentially shaped by the activities of Siemens AG and its affiliated companies, as well as by the Friedrich-Alexander-University.

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Erlangen therefore had wealthy or economically efficient Huguenots recruited and settled them in the newly founded Huguenot city in 1686.

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Erlangen mainly manufactured measuring instruments such as the world's first photoelectric exposure meter OMBRUX from 1933 onwards.

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Erlangen building on Nagelsbachstraße, which still exists today, was erected between 1939 and 1943.

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The Erlangen branch was the largest in Germany before being dissolved in 2019.

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Furthermore, the "Erlangen AG" was founded as a union of science and economy with the aim of systematically and consistently developing new knowledge resources, showing ways into new markets and internationally marketing the positive differentiating features of the location.

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Since 2007, Erlangen has been the first city in Germany in which every school has its own solar power system installed.

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Erlangen paid particular attention to the introduction of cycling lanes on pedestrian paths.

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The Erlangen Sharks are a local American football team that plays on an adjacent grass field used by other parts of Spielvereinigung Erlangen to which both the Sharks and the White Sox belong.

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