34 Facts About Eswatini


Eswatini is a developing country and is classified as a lower-middle income economy.

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Eswatini is a member of the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.

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Swazi settlers, then known as the Ngwane before entering Eswatini, had been settled on the banks of the Pongola River.

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Eswatini derives its name from a later king named Mswati II.

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Eswatini's stature grew with time, and the Swazi royal leadership was successful in resisting the weakening power of the British administration and the possibility of the incorporation of Swaziland into the Union of South Africa.

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On 19 April 2018, Mswati III announced that the Kingdom of Swaziland had been renamed as the Kingdom of Eswatini, reflecting the extant Swazi name for the state eSwatini, to mark the 50th anniversary of Swazi independence.

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The name Eswatini means "land of the Swazis" in the Swazi language and was partially intended to prevent confusion with the similarly named Switzerland.

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Eswatini workers began anti-government protests against low salaries in September 2018.

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Eswatini contains three ecosystems: Maputaland coastal forest mosaic, Zambezian and mopane woodlands, and Drakensberg montane grasslands.

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Eswatini is divided into four climatic regions: the Highveld, Middleveld, Lowveld, and Lubombo plateau.

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Climate change in Eswatini is mainly evident in changing precipitation – including variability, persistent drought, and heightened storm intensity.

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Eswatini has a spectrum of formal and informal conservation areas that protect the nation's rich biological diversity.

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Eswatini has over 820 species of vertebrates and over 2400 species of plants, with many endemic species.

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Eswatini is a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, and the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change.

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From 2014 to 2021, Eswatini participated in the "Strengthening the National Protected Areas System" project.

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Eswatini is rich in bird life, including white-backed vultures, white-headed, lappet-faced and Cape vultures, raptors such as martial eagles, bateleurs, and long-crested eagles, and the southernmost nesting site of the marabou stork.

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Eswatini is an absolute monarchy with constitutional provision and Swazi law and customs.

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Eswatini is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, and the Southern African Development Community.

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Military of Eswatini is used primarily during domestic protests, with some border and customs duties.

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Eswatini is divided into four regions: Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, and Shiselweni.

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The main cities and towns in Eswatini are Manzini, Mbabane, Nhlangano and Siteki which are regional capitals.

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The Investment Climate Assessment provides some positive findings, namely that Eswatini firms are among the most productive in Sub-Saharan Africa, although they are less productive than firms in the most productive middle-income countries in other regions.

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Eswatini is not poor enough to merit an IMF programme; however, the country is struggling to reduce the size of the civil service and control costs at public enterprises.

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Majority of Eswatini's population is ethnically Swazi, mixed with a small number of Zulu and White Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent.

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Christianity in Eswatini is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices.

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Education in Eswatini begins with pre-school education for infants, primary, secondary and high school education for general education and training, and universities and colleges at the tertiary level.

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The University of Eswatini is the national university, established in 1982 by act of Parliament, and is headquartered at Kwaluseni with additional campuses in Mbabane and Luyengo.

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The main centre for technical training in Eswatini is the Eswatini College of Technology Other technical and vocational institutions include the Gwamile Vocational and Commercial Training Institute in Matsapha, the Manzini Industrial and Training Centre in Manzini, Nhlangano Agricultural Skills Training Centre, and Siteki Industrial Training Centre.

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SIMPA is a government-owned management and development institute, and IDM is a regional organisation in Botswana, Lesotho, and Eswatini, providing training, consultancy, and research in management.

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Eswatini leads through example and advises his wives on all social affairs of the home, as well as seeing to the well-being of the family.

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Eswatini spends time socialising with the young boys, who are often his sons or close relatives, advising them on the expectations of growing up and manhood.

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Eswatini's diagnosis is based on "kubhula", a process of communication, through trance, with the natural superpowers.

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Eswatini is known for a strong presence in the handcrafts industry.

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The products are unique and reflect the culture of Eswatini, ranging from housewares, to artistic decorations, to complex glass, stone or wood artwork.

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