Ezra returned from Babylonian exile and reintroduced the Torah in Jerusalem.
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Ezra was described as exhorting the Israelite people to be sure to follow the Torah Law so as not to intermarry with people of particular different religions, a set of commandments described in the Pentateuch.
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Ezra, known as "Ezra the scribe" in Chazalic literature, is a highly respected figure in Judaism.
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Once this task was completed Nehemiah had Ezra read the Law of Moses to the assembled Israelites, and the people and priests entered into a covenant to keep the law and separate themselves from all other peoples.
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Josephus's account of the deeds of Ezra derives entirely from 1 Esdras, which he cites as the 'Book of Ezra' in his numeration of the Hebrew bible.
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Traditionally Judaism credits Ezra with establishing the Great Assembly of scholars and prophets, the forerunner of the Sanhedrin, as the authority on matters of religious law.
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In Rabbinic traditions, Ezra is metaphorically referred to as the "flowers that appear on the earth" signifying the springtime in the national history of Judaism.
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Where early Christian writers refer to the 'Book of Ezra' it is always the text of 1 Esdras that is being cited.
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Ezra came to Jerusalem "in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the King".
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Those who argue against the historicity of Ezra argue that the presentation style of Ezra as a leader and lawgiver resembles that of Moses.
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