16 Facts About Falkland Islands


Falkland Islands is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

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Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.

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Name "Falkland Islands" comes from Falkland Sound, the strait that separates the two main islands.

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West Falkland Islands was left abandoned, and Puerto Soledad became mostly a prison camp.

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For more than a century, the Falkland Islands Company dominated the trade and employment of the archipelago; in addition, it owned most housing in Stanley, which greatly benefited from the wool trade with the UK.

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The Falklands governed these territories as the Falkland Islands Dependencies starting in 1908, and retained them until their dissolution in 1985.

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All politicians in the Falkland Islands are independent; no political parties exist on the islands.

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Falkland Islands are biogeographically part of the Antarctic zone, with strong connections to the flora and fauna of Patagonia in mainland South America.

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Falkland Islands are frequented by marine mammals, such as the southern elephant seal and the South American fur seal, and various types of cetaceans; offshore islands house the rare striated caracara.

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Economy of the Falkland Islands is ranked the 222nd largest out of 229 in the world by GDP, but ranks 5th worldwide by GDP per capita.

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The main international airport, located at RAF Mount Pleasant on East Falkland Islands, provides flights to RAF Brize Norton in the UK and mainland South America.

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Falkland Islands population is homogeneous, mostly descended from Scottish and Welsh immigrants who settled in the territory after 1833.

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The Falkland Islands-born population are descended from English and French people, Gibraltarians, Scandinavians and South Americans.

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Education in the Falkland Islands, which follows England's system, is free and compulsory for residents aged between 5 and 16 years.

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The Falkland Islands government pays for older students to attend institutions of higher education, usually in the United Kingdom.

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Falkland Islands have one weekly newspaper The Penguin News, and television and radio broadcasts generally feature programming from the United Kingdom.

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