23 Facts About Guanajuato


Guanajuato is between the arid north of the country and the lusher south, and is geographically part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, the Mexican Plateau.

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Guanajuato is in the center of Mexico, northwest of Mexico City, bordering Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Michoacan, Queretaro, and Jalisco.

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The first Spanish expedition to visit the Guanajuato area, led by Cristobal de Olid in 1522, arrived in the Yuririhapundaro and Penjamo areas.

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The discovery of silver and gold in the area of the city of Guanajuato spurred Spanish settlement of the area in the 1520s and 1530s.

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The height of mining came in the 18th century, mostly from the mines in the hills around the city of Guanajuato, leading to the construction of a large number of notable civil and religious buildings in the same area.

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In 1824, Guanajuato was officially proclaimed a state of Mexico by the Constitutional Congress of Mexico.

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In 1855, Conservative Manuel Doblado, then the governor of Guanajuato, forced Juan Alvarez out of the presidency after he took power from Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.

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In 1858, the government under President Benito Juarez moved from Mexico City to the city of Guanajuato before moving again to Manzanillo and then Veracruz during the Reform War.

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The Guanajuato congress has asked for help against the theft of religious art in the state, which has the third highest incidence of such.

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Guanajuato has the fourth lowest number of people who can speak an indigenous language.

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Since that time, Guanajuato has had a significant rise in violent crime, the second highest homicide rate in the nation, with Mexican President Lopez Obrador calling out the state's attorney general for inaction on the matter.

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The Guanajuato government believes that by 2016 there will be five thousand families installed in the region.

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Guanajuato is visited for its colonial architecture and its role in Mexico's history, especially during the War of Independence.

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Many of the dishes that are traditionally eaten in Guanajuato are regional variations of dishes known in other parts such as carnitas, tamales, birria and pozole.

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The first indigenous master baker in Guanajuato was Abraham de Silva Cuin, who, in 1526, began to make breads in unique forms and flavors.

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Uniqueness of the state of Guanajuato even led Disney's Coco team to be inspired by the city.

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Guanajuato is home or place of origin of three important painters: Diego Rivera, Jose Chavez Morado and Olga Costa.

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Guanajuato initially worked with Jose Clemente Orozco, who impressed him both with art as well as politics.

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Guanajuato's was born in Leipzig, Germany but she and her family moved to Mexico when she was very young.

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Guanajuato's is best known for founding the Galeria Espiral and co-founder of the Sociedad de Arte Moderno and the Salon de Plastica Mexicana.

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Guanajuato's best known work is Los caifanes, produced as a movie in 1966.

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Guanajuato's donated a fifth of her fortune to it and worked to obtain donations from other wealthy families in the city.

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Guanajuato has the research centers CIMAT, CINVESTAV, CRODE, CIATEC, CIO, CICSUG, CIQI, IIBE, IIEDUG, IIC, IIM, INIFAP, and the laboratories CFE LAPEM and LANGEBIO.

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