24 Facts About Veracruz


Veracruz is divided into 212 municipalities, and its capital city is Xalapa-Enriquez.

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Veracruz has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico on the east of the state.

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Veracruz was named after the city of Veracruz, which was originally called the Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz.

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The state's seal was authorized by the state legislature in 1954, adapting the one used for the port of Veracruz and created by the Spanish in the early colonial days of the 16th century.

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Enormous mountain range behind Veracruz lowlands was the site of independent communities of refugees, known as maroons, who mixed with the Indigenous peoples in the mountains.

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Descendants in contemporary Veracruz tend to have visual signs of their African ancestry: “negrito” skin tone and some other physical features.

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Veracruz has been described as having one of the richest varieties of wildlife in the western hemisphere.

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Huastecs are in the far north of the Veracruz and extend into parts of Tamaulipas, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosi, Queretaro and Puebla.

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Veracruz played an important part in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire by Hernan Cortes and his expedition members.

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Veracruz had a number of encomiendas that changed hands a number of times, but early on came under the direct control of the Spanish crown rather than individual encomenderos.

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Veracruz became the principal and often only port to export and import goods between the colony of New Spain and Spain itself.

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Much of the reason for this is that the north of Veracruz is rugged with thick vegetation and relatively little of the resources the Spanish were looking for.

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Veracruz has one of Mexico's leading economies, based on agriculture and petroleum.

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Today, the state of Veracruz, rich in natural resources, is an important component of Mexico's economy.

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Veracruz was a pioneer in both the extraction and refining of petroleum products.

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Veracruz's was replaced by the Virgin of Candlemas, the protector of fishermen, making this celebration particularly important on the coast, especially in Tlacotalpan, where it is celebrated with much pomp.

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Veracruz's works include El progreso, Safo en el templo de Delfos and Nativa con loro.

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Veracruz's works have been done in plaster, bronze, terracotta and green onyx and include monumental works which can be found in the cities of Xalapa, Puebla, Pachuca and Mexico City.

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Veracruz has created paintings, sculptures, etchings, photography and mixed media works with his murals and sculptures most acclaimed.

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Literary arts reached their peak in Veracruz starting in the 19th century and extends to the “Generation of the 1950s.

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Veracruz became a member of the Academia Mexicana de la Lengua and is buried at the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres in Mexico City.

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The port of Veracruz has brought cargo, sailors, seamen, and slaves from various parts of the world, especially from the Caribbean and Europe.

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Freedom of the Press violationsAccording to many journalists' organizations, Veracruz is one of the most dangerous places for journalists especially after governor Javier Duarte de Ochoa came to power in December 2010.

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Ports of Veracruz are Tuxpan, Veracruz, Coatzacoalcos, Pajaritos, Minatitlan-Nanchital, Tecolutla, Nautla, Alvarado and Tlacotalpan.

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