24 Facts About Gujranwala


Gujranwala is a city and capital of Gujranwala Division located in Pakistan.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,076

Gujranwala's name means "Abode of the Gujjars" in Punjabi, and was named after the Gujjar tribe that live in northern Punjab.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,077

Gujranwala was founded by Gurjars in the eighteenth century however the exact origins of Gujranwala are unclear.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,078

Unlike the ancient nearby cities of Sialkot and Lahore, Gujranwala is a relatively modern city.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,079

Gujranwala was succeeded by his son Maha Singh who added to the lands that Charat Singh had not only captured but capably administered.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,080

Gujranwala remained Ranjit Singh's capital until he captured Lahore from the Durrani Afghans in 1799, at which point the capital was moved there, leading to the relative decline of Gujranwala in favour of Lahore.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,081

Gujranwala was incorporated as a municipality in 1867, and the city's Brandreth, Khiyali, and Lahori Gates built atop the site of Sikh-era gates were completed in 1869.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,082

Riots erupted in Gujranwala following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in April 1919.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,083

Gujranwala became home to Muslim refugees who were fleeing from the widespread anti-Muslim pogroms that depopulated eastern Punjab in India of almost its entire Muslim population.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,084

Refugees in Gujranwala were mainly those who had fled from the cities of Amritsar, Patiala, and Ludhiana in what had become the Indian state of East Punjab.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,085

Many refugees found post-Partition Gujranwala lacking in opportunities, causing some to move south to Karachi.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,086

Gujranwala's economy continued to grow into the 1970s and 1980s.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,087

Gujranwala sits at the heart of the Rechna Doab, a strip of land between the Chenab in the north, and Ravi River in the south.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,088

Gujranwala is part of the Majha, a historical region of northern Punjab.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,089

Gujranwala is 226 metres above sea level, sharing borders with Ghakhar Mandi and several towns and villages.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,090

Gujranwala has a hot semi-arid climate, according to the Koppen-Geiger system, and changes throughout the year.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,091

Gujranwala grew rapidly following British rule, and connection of the city to the railways of British India.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,092

Gujranwala is the Pakistan's third largest centre of industrial production, after Karachi and Faisalabad.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,093

The rural regions surrounding Gujranwala are heavily engaged in the production of wheat and are yield more wheat per acre than the national average.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,094

Gujranwala District is the most productive region for rice-growing in Punjab.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,095

In 2010, Gujranwala was rated number 6 out of Pakistan's top 13 cities in order of ease of doing business by the World Bank, and was ranked the second-best in Pakistan for construction permits.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,096

Gujranwala is situated along the historic Grand Trunk Road that connects Peshawar to Islamabad and Lahore.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,097

Gujranwala is serviced by the nearby Sialkot International Airport - Pakistan's first privately owned commercial airport.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,098

Gujranwala has a small scale centrally managed public transportation system known as a city tour.

FactSnippet No. 1,480,099