28 Facts About Peshawar

1. The largest city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the sixth-largest city in Pakistan, Peshawar is primarily populated by Pashtuns, who comprise the second-largest ethnic group in the country.

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2. Peshawar was founded as the city of Purusapura, on the Gandhara Plains in the broad Valley of Peshawar in 100 CE.

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3. Peshawar was an important regional centre under the Lodi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.

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4. In 1747, Peshawar was taken by Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the Afghan Durrani Empire.

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5. Peshawar was at the centre of a productive agricultural region that provided much of north India's dried fruit.

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6. In 1809, the British sent an emissary to the court of Shah Shujah in Peshawar, marking the first diplomatic meeting between the British and Afghans.

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7. Capture of Peshawar took place in spring of 1758 when Maratha Empire in alliance with the Sikhs, defeated the Durrani Empire.

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8. The Marathas and the Sikhs were victorious in battle and Peshawar was captured thereafter.

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9. The Marathas and Sikhs were victorious in the campaign in the province and Peshawar was captured.

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10. British suzerainty over regions west of Peshawar was cemented in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand, foreign secretary of the British Indian government, who collaboratively demarcated the border between British controlled territories in India and Afghanistan.

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11. Peshawar emerged as a centre for both Hindko and Pashtun intellectuals during the British era.

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12. Hindko speakers, referred to as xaryan, were responsible for the dominant culture for most of the time that Peshawar was under British rule.

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13. In 1947, Peshawar became part of the newly created state of Pakistan, and emerged as a cultural centre in the country's northwest.

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14. The University of Peshawar was established in the city in 1950, and augmented by the amalgamation of nearby British-era institutions into the university.

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15. Until the mid-1950s, Peshawar was enclosed within a city wall and sixteen gates.

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16. Peshawar is located in the broad Valley of Peshawar, which is surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides, with the fourth opening to the Punjab plains.

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17. Primary native languages spoken in Peshawar are Pashto and Hindko, though English is used in the city's educational institutions, while Urdu is understood throughout the city.

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18. Peshawar's estimated monthly per capita income was ?55,246 in 2015, compared to ?117,924 in Islamabad, and ?66,359 in Karachi.

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19. Therefore, the government has since a new rapid bus service called BRT Peshawar covering the entire Peshawar.

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20. Peshawar is to be completely encircled by the Peshawar Ring Road in order to divert traffic away from the city's congested centre.

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21. Peshawar is connected to Islamabad and Rawalpindi by the 155 kilometre long M-1 Motorway.

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22. Peshawar was once the terminus of the Khyber Train Safari, a tourist-oriented train that provided rail access to Landi Kotal.

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23. Peshawar is served by the Bacha Khan International Airport, located in the Peshawar Cantonment.

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24. BRT Peshawar is complemented by a feeder system, with an additional 100 stations along those feeder lines.

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25. Peshawar is well-served by private buses and vans that offer frequent connections to throughout Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, as well as all major cities of Pakistan.

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26. Plurality of voters in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, of which Peshawar is the capital, elected one of Pakistan's only religiously-based provincial governments during the period of military dictatorship of Pervez Musharraf.

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27. The first public sector university, University of Peshawar was established in October 1950 by the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.

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28. University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar was established in 1980 while Agriculture University Peshawar started working in 1981.

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