21 Facts About Hadrian's Wall


Hadrian's Wall marked the boundary between Roman Britannia and unconquered Caledonia to the north.

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Hadrian's Wall extended west from Segedunum at Wallsend on the River Tyne, via Carlisle and Kirkandrews-on-Eden, to the shore of the Solway Firth, ending a short but unknown distance west of the village of Bowness-on-Solway.

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Hadrian's Wall was probably planned before Hadrian's visit to Britain in 122.

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Hadrian's Wall provided years of work for thousands of soldiers who were responsible for building and maintaining the structure, which gave the further benefit of preventing any boredom for the soldiers.

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Hadrian's Wall was not only a defensive structure but a symbolic statement of Rome's imperial power marking the border between the so called civilized world and the unconquered barbarian wilderness.

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Once its construction was finished, there is some evidence that Hadrian's Wall was covered in plaster and then whitewashed: its shining surface would have reflected the sunlight and been visible for miles around.

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Hadrian's Wall argued that plans changed during construction of the wall and its overall width was reduced.

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Hadrian's Wall began building the Antonine Wall about 160 kilometres north, across the isthmus running west-south-west to east-north-east.

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Hadrian's Wall fell into ruin and over the centuries the stone was reused in other local buildings.

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Enough survived in the 7th century for spolia from Hadrian's Wall to find its way into the construction of St Paul's Church in Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, where Bede was a monk.

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Hadrian's Wall fascinated John Speed, who published a set of maps of England and Wales by county at the start of the 17th century.

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Hadrian's Wall trained as a lawyer and became town clerk of Newcastle in the 1830s.

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Hadrian's Wall became enthusiastic about preserving the wall after a visit to Chesters.

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Hadrian's Wall used the profits from his farms for restoration work.

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Hadrian's Wall announced that the pipe would be "angled to leave a buffer around the excavated trench".

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Hadrian's Wall was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and in 2005 it became part of the transnational "Frontiers of the Roman Empire" World Heritage Site, which includes sites in Germany.

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On 13 March 2010, a public event Illuminating Hadrian's Wall took place, which saw the route of the wall lit with 500 beacons.

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In 2018, the organisations which manage the Great Wall of China and Hadrian's Wall signed an agreement to collaborate for the growth of tourism and for historical and cultural understanding of the monuments.

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Hadrian's Wall was known in the Roman period as the vallum and the discovery of the Staffordshire Moorlands Pan in Staffordshire in 2003 has thrown further light on its name.

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Hadrian's family name was Aelius, and the most likely reading of the inscription is Valli Aelii, Hadrian's Wall, suggesting that the wall was called by the same name by contemporaries.

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Latin and Romano-Celtic names of all of the Hadrian's Wall forts are known, from the Notitia Dignitatum and other evidence such as inscriptions:.

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