44 Facts About Carlisle


Carlisle is located 8 miles south of the Scottish border and often referred to as a "border city".

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Carlisle was assassinated and suffered damnatio memoriae, but a surviving reference to him has been uncovered in Carlisle.

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In 685, St Cuthbert, visiting the Queen of Northumbria in her sister's monastery at Carlisle, was taken to see the city walls and a marvellously constructed Roman fountain.

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The construction of Carlisle Castle began in 1093 on the site of the Roman fort, south of the River Eden.

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In 1157, Carlisle became the seat of the new county of Carliol ; in 1177 the county was renamed Cumberland.

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In 1646, the Scots, now holding Carlisle pending payment of monies owed them by the English Parliament, improved its fortifications, destroying the cathedral's nave to obtain the stone to rebuild the castle.

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In 1698 travel writer Celia Fiennes wrote of Carlisle as having most of the trappings of a military town and that it was rife with alcohol and prostitutes.

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Carlisle became a major railway centre on the West Coast Main Line with connections to the east.

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Carlisle had the largest railway marshalling yard in Europe, Kingmoor, which, reduced in size, is operational and used by railfreight companies.

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In 1912, the boundaries of Carlisle were extended to include Botcherby in the east and Stanwix in the north.

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Carlisle was subject to the decline in the textile industry experienced throughout Britain as new machinery made labour unnecessary.

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The police, fire service and Carlisle United FC were moved, the latter as far as Morecambe.

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Carlisle has a compact historic centre with a castle, cathedral and semi-intact city walls, as well as other medieval buildings including the Guildhall and Tithe Barn.

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Carlisle has held city status since the Middle Ages and a borough constituency or parliamentary borough for centuries, at one time returning two MPs.

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The city's boundaries have changed several times since 1835, most recently in 1974 when under the Local Government Act 1972 the city and county borough and the Border Rural District were abolished and new enlarged City of Carlisle was created within the newly formed non-metropolitan district and administrative county of Cumbria.

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Carlisle unsuccessfully applied to become a Lord Mayoralty in 2002.

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Carlisle used to be within the North West England constituency of the European Parliament.

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Carlisle is governed by a district council, Carlisle City Council and a County Council, Cumbria County Council.

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Carlisle is situated on a slight rise, in the Cumberland Ward, at the confluence of the rivers Eden, Caldew and Petteril.

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In January 2005 Carlisle was hit by strong gales and heavy rain, and on Saturday 8 January 2005 all roads into Carlisle were closed owing to severe flooding, the worst since 1822, which caused three deaths.

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Many trunk roads begin or terminate in Carlisle, including the A6 to Penrith and Luton, the A595 to western Cumbria, the A69 to Newcastle upon Tyne and the A7 to Edinburgh.

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Carlisle became a major railway centre with, at one time, seven different companies using Carlisle Citadel railway station.

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Carlisle used to have the largest railway marshaling yard in Europe, at Kingmoor, which, although reduced in size, is still very much operational and used by railfreight companies like Colas Rail, DB Cargo UK, Freightliner and very occasionally Direct Rail Services.

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Today, Carlisle railway station is a principal station on the West Coast Main Line.

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Carlisle Lake District Airport is a small regional airport located 5.

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Carlisle became an industrial city in the 19th and early 20th centuries with many textile mills, engineering works and food manufacturers opening up mostly in the Denton Holme, Caldewgate and Wapping areas which lie in the Caldew Valley area of Carlisle.

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Famous firms that were founded or had factories in Carlisle included Carr's of Carlisle, Kangol, Metal Box and Cowans Sheldon.

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Carlisle College is the further education establishment based in the town.

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Secondary schools within Carlisle are: Richard Rose Central Academy, Richard Rose Morton Academy, Austin Friars St Monicas, Trinity School and St John Henry Newman Catholic School.

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From 1961 to 2009 Carlisle was home to Border Television which served the ITV Border region.

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Carlisle is home to BBC Radio Cumbria, CFM Radio and Hospital Radio Echo, which was established in 1965 and is the hospital radio station to Cumberland Infirmary, 24 hours a day.

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Carlisle is represented in English football by Carlisle United, which currently plays in the fourth tier of English football after being relegated from the Football League One.

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In 1999, Carlisle United escaped relegation from the Football League on the final day of the season when on-loan goalkeeper Jimmy Glass scored an injury time winner against Plymouth Argyle.

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Since Workington was voted out of the Football League in 1977, Carlisle United were the only Cumbrian team to play senior football until Barrow A FC rejoined the EFL in 2020.

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Celtic Nation FC was a Carlisle-based semi-professional club who played in the Northern Football League Division One.

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Carlisle City are a semi professional side who play in the Northern Football League.

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Northbank Carlisle was a club which played its football in the Northern Football Alliance Premier Division.

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Amateur rugby league club, Carlisle Centurions played in the National Division of the Rugby League Conference until they withdrew in 2010.

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In 1904, Carlisle Racecourse was established to the south of the city, it is a first-class racecourse.

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Carlisle has several golf clubs, including Stoneyholme within the city, and Carlisle Golf Club which hosts regional qualifying to the Open Championship.

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In 2012, Carlisle was one of the official stop-off points for the Olympic torch before it made its way down to the Olympic Games opening ceremony in London's Olympic Stadium.

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RAF Carlisle known as 14 MU was located at Kingstown near the present-day Asda.

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Largest RAF station by area in the country and one of only two electronic warfare ranges in Europe, RAF Spadeadam is located outside the City of Carlisle but maintains strong links with the local community; in 2018, it was awarded the Freedom of the City of Carlisle.

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In local folklore, the Curse of Carlisle is a 16th-century curse that is said to have been invoked by Archbishop Dunbar of Glasgow in 1525 against cross-border families, known as the Border Reivers, who lived by stealing cattle and pillaging.

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