26 Facts About Cumbria


Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England, bordering Scotland.

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Cumbria is one of the most sparsely populated counties in England, with 73.

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On 1 April 2023, the administrative county of Cumbria will be abolished and replaced with two new unitary authorities: Westmorland and Furness and Cumberland .

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Cumbria is the third largest ceremonial county in England by area.

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Cumbria is predominantly rural and contains the Lake District National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site considered one of England's finest areas of natural beauty, serving as inspiration for visual artists, writers and musicians.

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An upland, coastal and rural area, Cumbria's history is characterised by invasions, migration and settlement, as well as battles and skirmishes between the English and the Scots.

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Notable historic sites in Cumbria include Carlisle Castle, Furness Abbey, Hardknott Roman Fort, Brough Castle and Hadrian's Wall .

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County of Cumbria was created in April 1974 through an amalgamation of the administrative counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, to which parts of Lancashire and of the West Riding of Yorkshire were added.

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County of Cumbria was created in 1974 from the traditional counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, the Cumberland County Borough of Carlisle, along with the North Lonsdale or Furness part of Lancashire, usually referred to as "Lancashire North of the Sands", and, from the West Riding of Yorkshire, the Sedbergh Rural District.

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The northernmost and southernmost points in Cumbria are just west of Deadwater, Northumberland and South Walney respectively.

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Cumbria is bordered by the English counties of Northumberland, County Durham, North Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the Scottish council areas of Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders.

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Until April 2023 Cumbria will be administered by Cumbria County Council and six district councils: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland.

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University of Cumbria is one of the UK's newest universities, having been established in 2007.

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Several bus companies run services in Cumbria serving the main towns and villages in the county, with some services running to neighbouring areas such as Lancaster.

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The nearest international airports to south Cumbria are Blackpool, Manchester, Liverpool John Lennon and Teesside.

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North Cumbria is closer to Newcastle, Glasgow Prestwick and Glasgow International.

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Busiest railway stations in Cumbria are Carlisle, Barrow-in-Furness, Penrith and Oxenholme Lake District.

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Cumbria is one of the country's most ethnically homogeneous counties, with 95.

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County flag of Cumbria is a banner of arms of Cumbria County Council.

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Cumbria is home to several of the most active Orienteering clubs in the UK as well as the Lakes 5 Days competition that takes place every 4 years.

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Cumbria is home to the Furness Phantoms, and the Carlisle Kestrels.

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Cumbria Kart Racing Club is based at the Lakeland Circuit, Rowrah, between Cockermouth and Egremont Lakeland Circuit.

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Formula One world champions Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button both raced karts at Rowrah many times in the formative stages of their motor sport careers, while other F1 drivers, past and present, to have competed there include Johnny Herbert, Anthony Davidson, Allan McNish, Ralph Firman, Paul di Resta and David Coulthard, who hailed from just over the nearby Anglo-Scottish border and regarded Rowrah as his home circuit, becoming Cumbria Kart Racing Club Champion in 1985 in succession to McNish .

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Cumbria is home to the Cartmel Valley Lions, an amateur baseball team based in Cartmel.

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Cumbria is the UK county with the highest number of Michelin starred restaurants, with seven in this classification in the Great Britain and Ireland Michelin Guide of 2021.

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Cumbria is host to a number of festivals, including Kendal Calling and Kendal Mountain Festival.

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