25 Facts About Ice hockey


Ice hockey is a team sport played on ice skates, usually on an ice skating rink with lines and markings specific to the sport.

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Ice hockey is one of the sports featured in the Winter Olympics while its premiere international amateur competition, the IIHF World Championships, are governed by the International Ice Hockey Federation for both men's and women's competitions.

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In 1994 Ice hockey was officially recognized as Canada's national winter sport.

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Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, and professional ice hockey originated around 1900.

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Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th centuries in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and elsewhere, primarily bandy, hurling, and shinty.

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Arguably the games most influential to the early design of ice hockey were early forms of an organized sport today known as bandy, a sport distinctly separate from ice hockey.

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Origin of ice hockey was bandy, a game that has its roots in the Middle Ages.

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In England, field Ice hockey has historically been called simply Ice hockey and was what was referenced by first appearances in print.

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Belief that Ice hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, which was originally in Latin and explicitly forbade the games.

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In England, field hockey developed in the late 17th century, and there is evidence that some games of field hockey took place on the ice.

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In 1825, John Franklin wrote "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" on Great Bear Lake near the town of Deline during one of his Arctic expeditions.

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Winnipeg Ice hockey players used cricket pads to better protect the goaltender's legs; they introduced the "scoop" shot, or what is known as the wrist shot.

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Professional Ice hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.

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NHL has taken steps to speed up the game of Ice hockey and create a game of finesse, by reducing the number of illegal hits, fights, and "clutching and grabbing" that occurred in the past.

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The governing body for United States' amateur Ice hockey has implemented many new rules to reduce the number of stick-on-body occurrences, as well as other detrimental and illegal facets of the game.

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Typical game of hockey is governed by two to four officials on the ice, charged with enforcing the rules of the game.

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Since men's ice hockey is a full-contact sport, body checks are allowed so injuries are a common occurrence.

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Ice hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability.

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Ice hockey is a full-contact sport and carries a high risk of injury.

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Women's ice hockey was added as a medal sport eight years after the first world women's ice hockey championship in 1990 at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.

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Ice hockey in Africa is a small but growing sport; while no African ice hockey playing nation has a domestic national leagues, there are several regional leagues in South Africa.

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Attendance record for an ice hockey game was set on December 11, 2010, when the University of Michigan's men's ice hockey team faced cross-state rival Michigan State in an event billed as "The Big Chill at the Big House".

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Ice hockey is most popular in Canada, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, and the United States.

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Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey played generally as pick-up hockey on lakes, ponds and artificial outdoor rinks during the winter.

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Sledge hockey is an adaption of ice hockey designed for players who have a physical disability.

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