27 Facts About Idaho


Idaho was eventually admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, becoming the 43rd state.

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The state's north, the relatively isolated Idaho Panhandle, is closely linked with Eastern Washington, with which it shares the Pacific Time Zone—the rest of the state uses the Mountain Time Zone.

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Idaho is quite mountainous, and contains several stretches of the Rocky Mountains.

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When Oregon became a state in 1849, what is Idaho was situated in what remained of the original Oregon Territory, designated as the Washington Territory.

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The new Idaho territory included present-day Idaho, Montana, and most of Wyoming.

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Idaho achieved statehood in 1890, following a difficult start as a territory, including the chaotic transfer of the territorial capital from Lewiston to Boise, disenfranchisement of Mormon polygamists upheld by the U S Supreme Court in 1890, and a federal attempt to split the territory between Washington Territory, which gained statehood in 1889, a year before Idaho, and the state of Nevada which had been a state since 1864,.

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Idaho was one of the hardest hit of the Pacific Northwest states during the Great Depression.

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In recent years, Idaho has expanded its commercial base as a tourism and agricultural state to include science and technology industries.

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Idaho is a Rocky Mountain state with abundant natural resources and scenic areas.

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The Snake River flows out from Yellowstone in northwestern Wyoming through the Snake River Plain in southern Idaho before turning north, leaving the state at Lewiston before joining the Columbia in Kennewick.

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Idaho has two time zones, with the dividing line approximately midway between Canada and Nevada.

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Southern Idaho, including the Boise metropolitan area, Idaho Falls, Pocatello, and Twin Falls, are in the Mountain Time Zone.

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Idaho had an estimated population of 1, 754, 208 in 2018, which was an increase of 37, 265, from the prior year and an increase of 186, 626, or 11.

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Important industries in Idaho are food processing, lumber and wood products, machinery, chemical products, paper products, electronics manufacturing, silver and other mining, and tourism.

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The Union Pacific Railroad crosses North Idaho, entering from Canada through Boundary and Bonner, and proceeding to Spokane.

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Canadian Pacific Railway uses Union Pacific Railroad tracks in North Idaho, carrying products from Alberta to Spokane and Portland, Oregon.

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Union Pacific Railroad crosses southern Idaho traveling between Portland, Oregon, Green River, Wyoming, and Ogden, Utah, and serves Boise, Nampa, Twin Falls, and Pocatello.

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Constitution of Idaho is roughly modeled on the national constitution, with several additions.

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Constitution of Idaho provides for three branches of government: the executive, legislative and judicial branches.

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Idaho has a bicameral legislature, elected from 35 legislative districts, each represented by one senator and two representatives.

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Idaho's government has an alcohol monopoly; the Idaho State Liquor Division.

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Governor of Idaho serves a four-year term, and is elected during what is nationally referred to as midterm elections.

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At one time, Idaho had two Democratic parties, one being the mainstream and the other called the Anti-Mormon Democrats, lasting into the early 20th century.

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Several Idaho Democrats have had electoral success in the U S House of Representatives over the years, but the Senate delegation has been a Republican stronghold for decades.

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Several Idaho Republicans, including current Senators Mike Crapo and Jim Risch, have won reelection to the Senate, but only Frank Church has won reelection as a Democrat.

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In modern times, Idaho has been a reliably Republican state in presidential politics.

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Central Idaho is home to one of North America's oldest ski resorts, Sun Valley, where the world's first chairlift was installed in 1936.

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