22 Facts About Jewish diaspora


Jewish diaspora existed for several centuries before the fall of the Second Temple, and their dwelling in other countries for the most part was not a result of compulsory dislocation.

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Diaspora has been a common phenomenon for many peoples since antiquity, but what is particular about the Jewish instance is the pronounced negative, religious, indeed metaphysical connotations traditionally attached to dispersion and exile, two conditions which were conflated.

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The English term Jewish diaspora, which entered usage as late as 1876, and the Hebrew word galut though covering a similar semantic range, bear some distinct differences in connotation.

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The Greek term for diaspora appears three times in the New Testament, where it refers to the scattering of Israel, i e, the Ten Northern Tribes of Israel as opposed to the Southern Kingdom of Judah, although James refers to the scattering of all twelve tribes.

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Jewish diaspora messianism is closely connected with the concept of galut.

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Jewish diaspora stated that archaeology suggests that the return was a "trickle" taking place over decades, rather than a single event.

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Under the Hasmonean princes, who were at first high priests and then kings, the Jewish diaspora state displayed even a certain luster and annexed several territories.

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In 63 BCE Pompey invaded Jerusalem, the Jewish diaspora people lost their political sovereignty and independence, and Gabinius subjected the Jewish diaspora people to tribute.

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The Jews in the Egyptian Jewish diaspora were on a par with their Ptolemaic counterparts and close ties existed for them with Jerusalem.

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In 53 BCE, a minor Jewish diaspora revolt was suppressed and the Romans subsequently sold Jewish diaspora war captives into slavery.

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Jewish diaspora communities existed in southern Europe, Anatolia, Syria, and North Africa.

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Jewish diaspora rebels aided the Persians in capturing Jerusalem, where the Jews were permitted autonomous rule until 617, when the Persians reneged on their alliance.

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The majority of Jerusalem's Jewish diaspora population was killed during the Crusader Siege of Jerusalem and the few thousand survivors were sold into slavery.

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The Jewish diaspora population shrunk especially heavily, as did the Christian population.

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Traditionally the genesis of the Yemenite Jewish diaspora community came after the Babylonian exile, though the community most probably emerged during Roman times, and it was significantly reinforced during the reign of Dhu Nuwas in the 6th century CE and during later Muslim conquests in the 7th century CE, which drove the Arab Jewish diaspora tribes out of central Arabia.

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Jews of Israel comprise an increasingly mixed wide range of Jewish diaspora communities making aliyah from Europe, North Africa, and elsewhere in the Middle East.

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The American Jewish diaspora community is considered to contain the highest percentage of mixed marriages between Jews and non-Jews, resulting in both increased assimilation and a significant influx of non-Jews becoming identified as Jews.

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Paradesi Jews of Cochin are a community of Sephardic Jews whose ancestors settled among the larger Cochin Jewish diaspora community located in Kerala, a coastal southern state of India.

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Conversely, the maternal lineages of Jewish diaspora populations, studied by looking at mitochondrial DNA, are generally more heterogeneous.

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Scholars such as Harry Ostrer and Raphael Falk believe this indicates that many Jewish males found new mates from European and other communities in the places where they migrated in the diaspora after fleeing ancient Israel.

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The Jewish diaspora tradition maintains that the Roman exile would be the last, and that after the people of Israel returned to their land, they would never be exiled again.

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Metropolitan areas with the largest Jewish diaspora populations are listed below, though one source at jewishtemples.

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