19 Facts About Johannesburg

1. Johannesburg is the seat of the Constitutional Court, the highest court in South Africa.

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2. In 2019, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 5,635,127, making it the most populous city in South Africa.

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3. Region surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San hunter-gatherers who used stone tools.

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4. Stone-walled ruins of Sotho–Tswana towns and villages are scattered around the parts of the former Transvaal in which Johannesburg is situated.

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5. Many Sotho–Tswana towns and villages in the areas around Johannesburg were destroyed and their people driven away during the wars emanating from Zululand during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and as a result, an offshoot of the Zulu kingdom, the Ndebele (often referred to as the Matabele, the name given them by the local Sotho–Tswana), set up a kingdom to the northwest of Johannesburg around modern-day Rustenburg.

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6. Mines near Johannesburg are among the deepest in the world, with some as deep as 4,000 metres.

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7. In 1917, Johannesburg became the headquarters of the Anglo-American Corporation founded by Ernest Oppenheimer which ultimately became one of the world's largest corporations, dominating both gold-mining and diamond-mining in South Africa.

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8. For its growth, the economy of Johannesburg depended upon hundreds of thousands of skilled white workers imported from Europe and semi- and un-skilled black workers imported from other parts of Southern Africa.

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9. Soweto, a township founded for black workers coming to work in the gold mines of Johannesburg, was intended to house 50,000 people, but soon was the home of ten times that number as thousands of unemployed rural blacks came to Johannesburg for employment and an income to send back to their villages.

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10. In March 1960, Johannesburg witnessed widespread demonstrations against apartheid in response to the Sharpeville massacre.

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11. Completely refurbished Soccer City stadium in Johannesburg hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup final.

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12. Johannesburg is located in the eastern plateau area of South Africa known as the Highveld, at an elevation of 1,753 metres.

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13. Johannesburg is home to some of Africa's tallest structures, such as the Sentech Tower, Hillbrow Tower, the Carlton Centre and Ponte City Apartments.

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14. Johannesburg is situated on the highveld plateau, and has a subtropical highland climate.

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15. Johannesburg is a cultural hub in South Africa and has a wide variety of cultural venues, making it a prominent area for many creative and cultural industries.

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16. Parks and gardens in Johannesburg are maintained by Johannesburg City Parks and Zoo.

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17. Johannesburg hosted matches from and the final of the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, in which India beat Pakistan in the final.

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18. Johannesburg is a young and sprawling city, with its public transportation built in its infancy, geared towards private motorists, and lacks a convenient public transportation system.

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19. Johannesburg is served by a bus fleet operated by Metrobus Archived 11 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine, a corporate unit of the City of Johannesburg.

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