24 Facts About Lan Xang


Traditional court histories of Lan Xang begin in the Year of the Naga 1316 with the birth of Fa Ngum.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,916

From 1428 to 1440 seven kings ruled Lan Xang; all were killed by assassination or intrigue guided by a Queen known only by her title as Maha Devi or as Nang Keo Phimpha "The Cruel".

FactSnippet No. 1,378,917

Lan Xang chose the Phra Bang a standing image of the Buddha in the mudra or position of "dispelling fear" to be the palladium of Lan Xang.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,918

King Photisarath was one of the great kings of Lan Xang, he took Nang Yot Kham Tip from Lanna as his queen as well as lesser queens from Ayutthaya, and Longvek.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,919

In 1533 he moved his court to Vientiane, the commercial capital of Lan Xang which was located on the floodplains of the Mekong below the capital at Luang Prabang.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,920

Vientiane was the principal city of Lan Xang, and lay at the confluence of trade routes, but that access made it the focal point for invasion from which it was difficult to defend.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,921

Lan Xang dispatched reinforcements to support their allies in Lanna.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,922

Lan Xang was at the height of their political power, with Photisarath as King of Lan Xang and Setthathirath his son as King of Lanna.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,923

The Khmer Chronicles record that armies from Lan Xang invaded in 1571 and 1572, during the second invasion King Barom Reacha I was slain in an elephant duel.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,924

Lan Xang fell under immediate suspicion, and a civil war raged in Vientiane as a succession dispute took place.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,925

The sangha in Lan Xang sent a mission to King Nandabayin asking for Nokeo Koumane to be returned to Lan Xang as a vassal king.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,926

Under the reign of King Sourigna Vongsa Lan Xang experienced a fifty seven-year period of peace and restoration.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,927

Lan Xang concluded a series of treaties which established both trade agreements and boundaries between the surrounding kingdoms.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,928

Lan Xang left an eyewitness description of the royal palace in Vientiane during the height of power in Lan Xang.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,929

In 1707 Lan Xang was divided and the kingdoms of Luang Prabang and Vientiane emerged.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,930

The river provided the means for the people, commerce and armies of Lan Xang to move between regional power centers, but formed important geographic and defensive barriers.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,931

Major cities of Lan Xang were located in Luang Prabang, Vientiane including the towns in Nong Khai, Muang Phuan, Muang Sa or Muang Champa Nakhon, Nong Khai, Sikhottabong, and Xiang Hun in Sip Song Panna.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,932

Lan Xang had ethnic diversity from trade and overland ethnic migrations.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,933

Theravada Buddhism was the state religion of Lan Xang beginning with King Photisarath in 1527, but had been a growing part of cultural legacy since Fa Ngum.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,934

Lan Xang had several powerful Buddha images which served as palladiums and spiritual symbols of the kingdom which included the Phra Bang, Phra Keo, Phra Saekham, and Phra Luk .

FactSnippet No. 1,378,935

Lan Xang was at the center of the overland trade routes in Southeast Asia.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,936

The monarchy in Laos, which was a direct continuation from the traditions of Lan Xang would continue for seven hundred and fifty years through the Khun Lo Dynasty until 1975.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,937

The political institutions in Lan Xang created disputes and instability especially during royal successions.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,938

Trade and the economy of Lan Xang were based on high value commodities which could be easily transported using overland trade routes.

FactSnippet No. 1,378,939