|FactSnippet No. 1,135,706|
16 Facts About Lucca
Territory of present-day Lucca was certainly settled by the Etruscans, having traces of an probable earlier Ligurian presence, dating from 3rd century BC.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,707|
Lucca was an important city and fortress even in the sixth century, when Narses besieged it for several months in 553.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,709|
Lucca cloth was a silk fabric that was woven with gold or silver threads.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,710|
Lucca became prosperous through the silk trade that began in the eleventh century, and came to rival the silks of Byzantium.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,711|
From 1073 to 1086, the bishop of Lucca was his nephew Anselm II, a prominent figure in the Investiture Controversy.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,712|
In 1273 and again in 1277, Lucca was ruled by a Guelph capitano del popolo named Luchetto Gattilusio.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,713|
Lucca's biography is Machiavelli's third famous book on political rule.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,714|
In 1408, Lucca hosted a convocation organized by Pope Gregory XII with his cardinals intended to end the schism in the papacy.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,715|
Lucca had been the second largest Italian city state with a republican constitution to remain independent over the centuries.
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,717|
However, already in 1805 the Republic of Lucca was converted into a monarchy by Napoleon, who installed his sister Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi as "Princess of Lucca".
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,718|
Since 2004, Lucca is home to IMT Lucca, a public research institution and a selective graduate school and part of the Superior Graduate Schools in Italy .
|FactSnippet No. 1,135,721|