63 Facts About Giacomo Puccini


Giacomo Puccini was an Italian composer known primarily for his operas.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,248

Giacomo Puccini's most renowned works are La boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly, and Turandot, all of which are among the most frequently performed and recorded of all operas.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,249

Giacomo Puccini was the sixth of nine children of Michele Puccini and Albina Magi .

FactSnippet No. 1,220,250

Giacomo Puccini was succeeded in this position by his son, Antonio Puccini, and then by Antonio's son Domenico, and Domenico's son Michele .

FactSnippet No. 1,220,251

Giacomo Puccini's father Michele enjoyed a reputation throughout northern Italy, and his funeral was an occasion of public mourning, at which the then-famed composer Giovanni Pacini conducted a Requiem.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,252

However, when Michele Puccini died in 1864, his son Giacomo was only six years old, and thus not capable of taking over his father's job.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,253

Giacomo Puccini was given a general education at the seminary of San Michele in Lucca, and then at the seminary of the cathedral.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,254

Giacomo Puccini got a diploma from the Pacini School of Music in Lucca in 1880, having studied there with his uncle Fortunato, and later with Carlo Angeloni, who had instructed Alfredo Catalani.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,255

Giacomo Puccini studied at the conservatory for three years, sharing a room with Pietro Mascagni.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,256

In 1880, at the age of 21, Giacomo Puccini composed his Mass, which marks the culmination of his family's long association with church music in his native Lucca.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,257

Giacomo Puccini wrote an orchestral piece called the Capriccio sinfonico as a thesis composition for the Milan Conservatory.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,258

Giacomo Puccini's work was favorably reviewed in the Milanese publication La Perseveranza, and thus Giacomo Puccini began to build a reputation as a young composer of promise in Milanese music circles.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,259

Ponchielli invited Giacomo Puccini to stay at his villa, where Giacomo Puccini was introduced to another young man named Ferdinando Fontana.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,260

Giacomo Puccini finished primary composition in 1887 and orchestration in 1888.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,261

Giacomo Puccini made further revisions in 1901 and 1905, but the work never achieved popularity.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,262

Giacomo Puccini had eloped with his former piano student, the married Elvira Gemignani, and Ricordi's associates were willing to turn a blind eye to his lifestyle as long as he was successful.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,263

On commencing his next opera, Manon Lescaut, Giacomo Puccini announced that he would write his own libretto so that "no fool of a librettist" could spoil it.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,264

Four other librettists were then involved with the opera, as Giacomo Puccini constantly changed his mind about the structure of the piece.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,265

Early biographers such as Wakeling Dry and Eugenio Checchi, who were Giacomo Puccini's contemporaries, drew express parallels between these incidents and particular events in the opera.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,266

Giacomo Puccini himself commented: "I lived that Boheme, when there wasn't yet any thought stirring in my brain of seeking the theme of an opera".

FactSnippet No. 1,220,267

On 25 February 1903, Giacomo Puccini was seriously injured in a car crash during a nighttime journey on the road from Lucca to Torre del Lago.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,268

Giacomo Puccini was pinned under the vehicle, with a severe fracture of his right leg and with a portion of the car pressing down on his chest.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,269

In 1907, Giacomo Puccini made his final revisions to the opera in a fifth version, which has become known as the "standard version".

FactSnippet No. 1,220,270

Giacomo Puccini completed La fanciulla del West, based on a play by David Belasco, in 1910.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,271

Giacomo Puccini completed the score of La rondine, to a libretto by Giuseppe Adami in 1916 after two years of work, and it was premiered at the Grand Theatre de Monte Carlo on 27 March 1917.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,272

La rondine was initially conceived as an operetta, but Giacomo Puccini eliminated spoken dialogue, rendering the work closer in form to an opera.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,273

Thereafter, especially throughout his middle and late career, Giacomo Puccini was extremely selective, and at times indecisive, in his choice of subject matter for new works.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,274

Giacomo Puccini was deeply involved in the process of writing the libretto itself, requiring many iterative revisions of his libretti in terms of both structure and text.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,275

Giacomo Puccini explored many possible subjects that he ultimately rejected only after a significant amount of effort—such as the creation of a libretto—had been put into them.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,276

From 1891 onwards, Giacomo Puccini spent most of his time, when not traveling on business, at Torre del Lago, a small community about fifteen miles from Lucca situated between the Ligurian Sea and Lake Massaciuccoli, just south of Viareggio.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,277

Giacomo Puccini lived there until 1921, when pollution produced by peat works on the lake forced him to move to Viareggio, a few kilometres north.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,278

Elvira became pregnant by Giacomo Puccini, and their son, Antonio, was born in Monza.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,279

In 1906, while attending the opening of Madama Butterfly in Budapest, Giacomo Puccini fell in love with Blanke Lendvai, the sister of Hungarian composer Ervin Lendvai .

FactSnippet No. 1,220,280

Blanke and Giacomo Puccini exchanged love letters until 1911, when he started an affair with German aristocrat Baroness Josephine von Stangel, which lasted for six years.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,281

Elvira Giacomo Puccini was prosecuted for slander, and was sentenced to more than five months in prison, although a payment to the Manfredi family by Giacomo Puccini spared Elvira from having to serve the sentence.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,282

Some music critics and interpreters of Giacomo Puccini's work have speculated that the psychological effects of this incident on Giacomo Puccini interfered with his ability to complete compositions later in his career, and influenced the development of his characters such as Liu, a slave girl who dies tragically by suicide.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,283

Press reports at the time when these documents were discovered alleged that Nadia Manfredi was Giacomo Puccini's granddaughter, by a son, Antonio Manfredi, born to Giulia.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,284

Puccini's indifference to politics caused him problems during World War I Puccini's long-standing and close friendship with Toscanini was interrupted for nearly a decade because of an argument in the summer of 1914 during which Puccini remarked that Italy could benefit from German organization.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,285

Giacomo Puccini was criticized during the war for his work on La rondine under a 1913 commission contract with an Austrian theater after Italy and Austria-Hungary became opponents in the war in 1915 .

FactSnippet No. 1,220,286

Giacomo Puccini did not participate in the public war effort, but privately rendered assistance to individuals and families affected by the war.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,287

In 1919, Puccini was commissioned to write music to an ode by Fausto Salvatori honoring Italy's victories in World War I The work, Inno a Roma, was to premiere on 21 April 1919, during a celebration of the anniversary of the founding of Rome.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,288

Giacomo Puccini had some contact with Benito Mussolini and the Italian Fascist Party in the year preceding his death.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,289

However, evidence that Giacomo Puccini was actually a member of the Fascist party is ambiguous.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,290

Giacomo Puccini hoped to attain this honor, which had been granted to Verdi, and undertook to use his connections to bring about the appointment.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,291

Giacomo Puccini wished to establish a national theater in Viareggio, a project which would require government support.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,292

Giacomo Puccini met with Mussolini twice, in November and December 1923, seeking support for the theater project.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,293

At the time Giacomo Puccini met with Mussolini, Mussolini had been prime minister for approximately a year, but his party had not yet taken full control of the Italian Parliament through the violence and irregularities of the 1924 general election.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,294

Giacomo Puccini was no longer alive when Mussolini announced the end of representative government, and the beginning of a fascist dictatorship, in his speech before the Chamber of Deputies on 3 January 1925.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,295

Chain smoker of Toscano cigars and cigarettes, Giacomo Puccini began to complain of chronic sore throats towards the end of 1923.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,296

Giacomo Puccini died in Brussels on 29 November 1924, aged 65, from complications after the treatment; uncontrolled bleeding led to a heart attack the day after surgery.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,297

Giacomo Puccini was buried in Milan, in Toscanini's family tomb, but that was always intended as a temporary measure.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,298

Giacomo Puccini's career extended from the end of the Romantic period into the modern period.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,299

Giacomo Puccini consciously attempted to 'update' his style to keep pace with new trends, but did not attempt to fully adopt a modern style.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,300

All of Giacomo Puccini's operas have at least one set piece for a lead singer that is separate enough from its surroundings that it can be treated as a distinct aria, and most of his works have several of these.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,301

In orchestration, Giacomo Puccini frequently doubled the vocal line in unison or at octaves in order to emphasize and strengthen the melodic line.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,302

Between 2004 and 2018, Giacomo Puccini ranked third in the number of performances of his operas worldwide, as surveyed by Operabase.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,303

Italian opera composers of the generation with whom Giacomo Puccini was compared included Pietro Mascagni, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea, Baron Pierantonio Tasca, Gaetano Coronaro, and Alberto Franchetti .

FactSnippet No. 1,220,304

Only three composers, and three works, by Italian contemporaries of Giacomo Puccini appear on the Operabase list of most-performed works: Cavalleria rusticana by Mascagni, Pagliacci by Ruggero Leoncavallo, and Andrea Chenier by Umberto Giordano.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,305

Giacomo Puccini succeeded in mastering the orchestra as no other Italian had done before him, creating new forms by manipulating structures inherited from the great Italian tradition, loading them with bold harmonic progressions which had little or nothing to do with what was happening then in Italy, though they were in step with the work of French, Austrian and German colleagues.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,306

Giacomo Puccini describes the aria in musical terms, and points out that its structure was rather unheard of at the time, having three distinct musical paragraphs that nonetheless form a complete and coherent whole.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,307

Giacomo Puccini has consistently been the target of condescension by some music critics who find his music insufficiently sophisticated or difficult.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,308

Giacomo Puccini willingly stops himself at minor genius, stroking the taste of the public.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,309

Giacomo Puccini wrote orchestral pieces, sacred music, chamber music, solo music for piano and organ and songs for voice and piano, most notably his 1880 mass Messa di gloria, his Preludio Sinfonico of 1882, and his 1890 string quartet movement Crisantemi.

FactSnippet No. 1,220,310