Giacomo Puccini was an Italian composer known primarily for his operas.
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Giacomo Puccini was an Italian composer known primarily for his operas.
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Giacomo Puccini was the sixth of nine children of Michele Puccini and Albina Magi .
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Giacomo Puccini was succeeded in this position by his son, Antonio Puccini, and then by Antonio's son Domenico, and Domenico's son Michele .
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Giacomo Puccini's father Michele enjoyed a reputation throughout northern Italy, and his funeral was an occasion of public mourning, at which the then-famed composer Giovanni Pacini conducted a Requiem.
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However, when Michele Puccini died in 1864, his son Giacomo was only six years old, and thus not capable of taking over his father's job.
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Giacomo Puccini was given a general education at the seminary of San Michele in Lucca, and then at the seminary of the cathedral.
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Giacomo Puccini studied at the conservatory for three years, sharing a room with Pietro Mascagni.
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In 1880, at the age of 21, Giacomo Puccini composed his Mass, which marks the culmination of his family's long association with church music in his native Lucca.
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Giacomo Puccini wrote an orchestral piece called the Capriccio sinfonico as a thesis composition for the Milan Conservatory.
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Giacomo Puccini's work was favorably reviewed in the Milanese publication La Perseveranza, and thus Giacomo Puccini began to build a reputation as a young composer of promise in Milanese music circles.
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Ponchielli invited Giacomo Puccini to stay at his villa, where Giacomo Puccini was introduced to another young man named Ferdinando Fontana.
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Giacomo Puccini finished primary composition in 1887 and orchestration in 1888.
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Giacomo Puccini made further revisions in 1901 and 1905, but the work never achieved popularity.
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Giacomo Puccini had eloped with his former piano student, the married Elvira Gemignani, and Ricordi's associates were willing to turn a blind eye to his lifestyle as long as he was successful.
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On commencing his next opera, Manon Lescaut, Giacomo Puccini announced that he would write his own libretto so that "no fool of a librettist" could spoil it.
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Four other librettists were then involved with the opera, as Giacomo Puccini constantly changed his mind about the structure of the piece.
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Early biographers such as Wakeling Dry and Eugenio Checchi, who were Giacomo Puccini's contemporaries, drew express parallels between these incidents and particular events in the opera.
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Giacomo Puccini himself commented: "I lived that Boheme, when there wasn't yet any thought stirring in my brain of seeking the theme of an opera".
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On 25 February 1903, Giacomo Puccini was seriously injured in a car crash during a nighttime journey on the road from Lucca to Torre del Lago.
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Giacomo Puccini was pinned under the vehicle, with a severe fracture of his right leg and with a portion of the car pressing down on his chest.
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In 1907, Giacomo Puccini made his final revisions to the opera in a fifth version, which has become known as the "standard version".
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Giacomo Puccini completed La fanciulla del West, based on a play by David Belasco, in 1910.
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Giacomo Puccini completed the score of La rondine, to a libretto by Giuseppe Adami in 1916 after two years of work, and it was premiered at the Grand Theatre de Monte Carlo on 27 March 1917.
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La rondine was initially conceived as an operetta, but Giacomo Puccini eliminated spoken dialogue, rendering the work closer in form to an opera.
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Thereafter, especially throughout his middle and late career, Giacomo Puccini was extremely selective, and at times indecisive, in his choice of subject matter for new works.
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Giacomo Puccini was deeply involved in the process of writing the libretto itself, requiring many iterative revisions of his libretti in terms of both structure and text.
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Giacomo Puccini explored many possible subjects that he ultimately rejected only after a significant amount of effort—such as the creation of a libretto—had been put into them.
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Giacomo Puccini lived there until 1921, when pollution produced by peat works on the lake forced him to move to Viareggio, a few kilometres north.
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Elvira became pregnant by Giacomo Puccini, and their son, Antonio, was born in Monza.
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Blanke and Giacomo Puccini exchanged love letters until 1911, when he started an affair with German aristocrat Baroness Josephine von Stangel, which lasted for six years.
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Elvira Giacomo Puccini was prosecuted for slander, and was sentenced to more than five months in prison, although a payment to the Manfredi family by Giacomo Puccini spared Elvira from having to serve the sentence.
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Some music critics and interpreters of Giacomo Puccini's work have speculated that the psychological effects of this incident on Giacomo Puccini interfered with his ability to complete compositions later in his career, and influenced the development of his characters such as Liu, a slave girl who dies tragically by suicide.
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Press reports at the time when these documents were discovered alleged that Nadia Manfredi was Giacomo Puccini's granddaughter, by a son, Antonio Manfredi, born to Giulia.
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Puccini's indifference to politics caused him problems during World War I Puccini's long-standing and close friendship with Toscanini was interrupted for nearly a decade because of an argument in the summer of 1914 during which Puccini remarked that Italy could benefit from German organization.
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Giacomo Puccini did not participate in the public war effort, but privately rendered assistance to individuals and families affected by the war.
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However, evidence that Giacomo Puccini was actually a member of the Fascist party is ambiguous.
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Giacomo Puccini hoped to attain this honor, which had been granted to Verdi, and undertook to use his connections to bring about the appointment.
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Giacomo Puccini wished to establish a national theater in Viareggio, a project which would require government support.
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Giacomo Puccini met with Mussolini twice, in November and December 1923, seeking support for the theater project.
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Giacomo Puccini was no longer alive when Mussolini announced the end of representative government, and the beginning of a fascist dictatorship, in his speech before the Chamber of Deputies on 3 January 1925.
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Chain smoker of Toscano cigars and cigarettes, Giacomo Puccini began to complain of chronic sore throats towards the end of 1923.
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Giacomo Puccini died in Brussels on 29 November 1924, aged 65, from complications after the treatment; uncontrolled bleeding led to a heart attack the day after surgery.
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Giacomo Puccini was buried in Milan, in Toscanini's family tomb, but that was always intended as a temporary measure.
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Giacomo Puccini's career extended from the end of the Romantic period into the modern period.
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Giacomo Puccini consciously attempted to 'update' his style to keep pace with new trends, but did not attempt to fully adopt a modern style.
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All of Giacomo Puccini's operas have at least one set piece for a lead singer that is separate enough from its surroundings that it can be treated as a distinct aria, and most of his works have several of these.
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In orchestration, Giacomo Puccini frequently doubled the vocal line in unison or at octaves in order to emphasize and strengthen the melodic line.
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Between 2004 and 2018, Giacomo Puccini ranked third in the number of performances of his operas worldwide, as surveyed by Operabase.
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Italian opera composers of the generation with whom Giacomo Puccini was compared included Pietro Mascagni, Ruggero Leoncavallo, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea, Baron Pierantonio Tasca, Gaetano Coronaro, and Alberto Franchetti .
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Only three composers, and three works, by Italian contemporaries of Giacomo Puccini appear on the Operabase list of most-performed works: Cavalleria rusticana by Mascagni, Pagliacci by Ruggero Leoncavallo, and Andrea Chenier by Umberto Giordano.
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Giacomo Puccini succeeded in mastering the orchestra as no other Italian had done before him, creating new forms by manipulating structures inherited from the great Italian tradition, loading them with bold harmonic progressions which had little or nothing to do with what was happening then in Italy, though they were in step with the work of French, Austrian and German colleagues.
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Giacomo Puccini describes the aria in musical terms, and points out that its structure was rather unheard of at the time, having three distinct musical paragraphs that nonetheless form a complete and coherent whole.
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Giacomo Puccini has consistently been the target of condescension by some music critics who find his music insufficiently sophisticated or difficult.
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Giacomo Puccini willingly stops himself at minor genius, stroking the taste of the public.
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Giacomo Puccini wrote orchestral pieces, sacred music, chamber music, solo music for piano and organ and songs for voice and piano, most notably his 1880 mass Messa di gloria, his Preludio Sinfonico of 1882, and his 1890 string quartet movement Crisantemi.
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