39 Facts About Milford Haven


Milford Haven is both a town and a community in Pembrokeshire, Wales.

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Milford Haven is the most populous community in the county, with a population of 13, 907 within the community boundary at the 2011 census.

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Natural harbour of the Milford Haven was known as a safe port and was exploited for several historical military operations throughout the second millennium.

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Campaigns conducted from the Milford Haven included part of the invasion of Ireland in 1171 by Henry II and by Cromwell in 1649.

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Town of Milford was founded in 1793, after Sir William Hamilton obtained an Act of Parliament in 1790 to establish the port at Milford, and takes its name from the natural harbour of Milford Haven, which was used for several hundred years as a staging point on sea journeys to Ireland and as a shelter by Vikings.

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Church was consecrated in October 1808 and dedicated to St Catherine of Alexandria in the underdeveloped eastern side of the town, it remained a chapel of ease until 1891 when Milford Haven became a parish, until that time competing with St Peter and St Cewydd in Steynton.

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Milford Haven is an Anglicization of an old Scandinavian name "Melrfjordr" that was first applied to the waterway – the Old Norse Melr, meaning sandbank, and fjordr, meaning fiord or inlet, developing into "Milford"; then later the term "Haven" from the Germanic word Haven for port or harbour was added.

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The Welsh for Milford Haven, "Aberdaugleddau", refers to the estuary which is the meeting point of the "White River Cleddau" and the "Black River Cleddau" (Afon Cleddau Ddu).

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Town of Milford Haven lies on the north bank of the Milford Haven Waterway, which is a ria or drowned valley.

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Milford Haven is part of the Preseli Pembrokeshire National Assembly for Wales constituency and UK Parliamentary constituency.

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In 1857 the Milford Haven Improvement Act was passed, appointing improvement commissioners to run the town.

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Milford Haven has experienced a history of boom and slump in shipbuilding, fishing, as a railhead and an ocean terminal.

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In 2012, it was announced that the Milford Haven waterway was declared an Enterprise Zone by the coalition government, due to its importance to the energy sector.

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Post-war Milford Haven was not considered a promising location for tourism: a 1964 study commissioned by the district council highlighted the lack of nearby beaches, proximity of the town to heavy industrialization, and a shortage of tourist facilities such as restaurants and hotels.

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The first rail link direct to Milford Haven was completed in 1863, which was originally conceived as a plan to create an impressive Milford to Manchester railway.

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Milford Haven is located within the geographical and historic area known as Little England Beyond Wales, which has predominately used English for many centuries.

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Architecture in Milford Haven can be divided into roughly three broad periods of building.

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Milford Haven Museum, located centrally in the docks area, is housed in the town's oldest building, the Custom House which dates back to 1797.

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Milford Haven Waterway is the natural harbour on which the town stands and from which the town takes its name.

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Milford Haven Museum, located in the marina, houses a collection which focusses on the maritime history of the town.

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Milford Haven is twinned with Romilly-sur-Seine, France and Uman, Ukraine.

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Milford Haven appears in a number of literary works, including Shakespeare's Cymbeline as "blessed Milford", and the location where King Arthur landed from Ireland in pursuit of the Twrch Trwyth boar as part of the medieval Welsh prose romance Culhwch and Olwen.

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Robert Watson uses the town as the principal setting in his novel Slipping Away From Milford, as did Taprell Dorling writing as Taffrail, whose thriller Mystery at Milford Haven explored the 1930s criminal underworld in the area.

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The Thornton Hall, located at Milford Haven School, has an indoor sports hall and artificial turf pitch.

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Primary and pre-school education in Milford Haven is served by six state infant and primary schools and St Francis, a Roman Catholic primary school.

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Milford Haven town is served by junior, Infant, and nursery schools.

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One of the earliest notable figures from the Milford Haven area is Howell Davis, a pirate born in 1680.

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Milford Haven was shot dead in 1719 on the Portuguese island of Principe.

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Milford Haven became an advisor to Kamehameha I and helped form the Kingdom of Hawaii.

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Milford Haven has produced, or attracted, several notable artists including Arthur Symons, poet, critic, and an art editor of The Savoy magazine, who was born in the town in 1865, and Charles Norris, topographical artist, and author of A Historical Account of Tenby, who lived in Milford Haven from 1800 to 1810.

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The novelist Alexander Cordell lived briefly in Milford Haven whilst employed by the Admiralty as a quantity surveyor.

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Milford Haven was elected as president of the Institute of Journalists in 1908.

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Television producer Annabel Jones was born and raised in Milford Haven, known for her work on the science fiction anthology series Black Mirror.

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Milford Haven was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 1945 New Year Honours.

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Milford Haven was the Chief Engineer of the London and South Western Railway, overseeing the remodelling of Clapham Junction railway station and the reconstruction of London Waterloo station.

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Milford Haven was later appointed Chief Engineer of Southern Railway.

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Milford Haven is connected to notable military figures, such as Charles George Gordon, a British Army officer and administrator, remembered for his campaigns in China and northern Africa.

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Milford Haven headed this organization as Primate and Metropolitan from 1920 until his death in 1933.

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Milford Haven is the birthplace of serial killer John Cooper, who in 2011 was convicted of murdering siblings Richard and Helen Thomas at their Scoveston home near Steynton in 1985, and Peter and Gwenda Dixon on the Pembrokeshire Coast Path near Little Haven in 1989.

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