22 Facts About New Caledonia


New Caledonia named it "New Caledonia", as the northeast of the island reminded him of Scotland.

FactSnippet No. 854,922

In June 1940, after the fall of France, the Conseil General of New Caledonia voted unanimously to support the Free French government, and in September the pro-Vichy governor was forced to leave for Indochina.

FactSnippet No. 854,923

New Caledonia is a territory sui generis to which France has gradually transferred certain powers.

FactSnippet No. 854,924

At a national level, New Caledonia is represented in the French Parliament by two deputies and two senators.

FactSnippet No. 854,925

New Caledonia has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983 with Noumea the home of the organization's regional headquarters.

FactSnippet No. 854,926

New Caledonia has increasingly adopted its own symbols, choosing an anthem, a motto, and a new design for its banknotes.

FactSnippet No. 854,927

In July 2010, the Congress of New Caledonia voted in favour of a wish to fly the Kanak flag of the independence movement FLNKS alongside the French tricolour, as dual flags of the territory.

FactSnippet No. 854,928

New Caledonia is part of Zealandia, a fragment of the ancient Gondwana super-continent.

FactSnippet No. 854,929

Largely due to its nickel industry, New Caledonia emits a high level of carbon dioxide per person compared to other countries.

FactSnippet No. 854,930

New Caledonia has the world's most divergent lineage of flowering plant, Amborella trichopoda, which is at, or near, the base of the clade of all flowering plants.

FactSnippet No. 854,931

New Caledonia is one of five regions on the planet where species of southern beeches are indigenous; five species are known to occur here.

FactSnippet No. 854,932

New Caledonia has its own version of maquis occurring on metalliferous soils, mostly in the south.

FactSnippet No. 854,933

Several species of New Caledonia are remarkable for their size: Ducula goliath is the largest extant species of arboreal pigeon; Rhacodactylus leachianus, the largest gecko in the world; Phoboscincus bocourti, a large skink thought to be extinct until rediscovered in 2003.

FactSnippet No. 854,934

Much of New Caledonia's fauna present before human settlement is extinct, including Sylviornis, a bird over a metre tall not closely related to any living species, and Meiolania, a giant horned turtle that diverged from living turtles during the Jurassic period.

FactSnippet No. 854,935

The Europeans are divided into several groups: the Caldoches are usually defined as those born in New Caledonia who have ancestral ties that span back to the early French settlers.

FactSnippet No. 854,936

The Metropolitan French-born migrants who come to New Caledonia are called Metros or Zoreilles, indicating their origins in metropolitan France.

FactSnippet No. 854,937

Religion in New Caledonia according to the Global Religious Landscape survey by the Pew Forum, 2012.

FactSnippet No. 854,938

Education in New Caledonia is based on the French curriculum and delivered by both French teachers and French-trained teachers.

FactSnippet No. 854,939

New Caledonia has one of the largest economies in the South Pacific, with a GDP of US$9.

FactSnippet No. 854,940

The currency in use in New Caledonia is the CFP franc, as of May 2020, pegged to the euro at a rate of 119.

FactSnippet No. 854,941

Largest sporting event to be held in New Caledonia is a round of the FIA Asia Pacific Rally Championship .

FactSnippet No. 854,942

New Caledonia has a national synchronised swimming team, which tours abroad.

FactSnippet No. 854,943