17 Facts About Potsdam


Potsdam is the capital and, with around 183,000 inhabitants, largest city of the German state of Brandenburg.

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Potsdam sits on the River Havel, a tributary of the Elbe, downstream of Berlin, and lies embedded in a hilly morainic landscape dotted with many lakes, around 20 of which are located within Potsdam's city limits.

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Potsdam was a residence of the Prussian kings and the German Kaiser until 1918.

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Potsdam was the location of the significant Potsdam Conference in 1945, the conference where the three heads of government of the USSR, the US, and the UK decided on the division of Germany following its surrender, a conference which defined Germany's history for the following 45 years.

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Babelsberg, in the south-eastern part of Potsdam, was already by the 1930s the home of a major film production studio and it has enjoyed success as an important center of European film production since the fall of the Berlin Wall.

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Potsdam developed into a centre of science in Germany in the 19th century.

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Potsdam is divided into seven historic city Stadtteile and nine new Ortsteile, which joined the city in 2003.

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City of Potsdam is divided into 32 Stadtteile, which are divided further into 84 statistical Bezirke.

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Potsdam lost nearly half of its population due to the Thirty Years' War.

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Continuous Hohenzollern possession since 1415, Potsdam became prominent, when it was chosen in 1660 as the hunting residence of Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg, the core of the powerful state that later became the Kingdom of Prussia.

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In 1815, at the formation of the Province of Brandenburg, Potsdam became the provincial capital until 1918, except for a period between 1827 and 1843 when Berlin was the provincial capital.

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Potsdam was severely damaged by Allied bombing raids during World War II.

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Since 2000 Potsdam has been one of the fastest-growing cities in Germany.

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Potsdam, included in the fare zone "C" of Berlin's public transport area and fare zones A and B of its own public transport area, is served by the S7 S-Bahn line.

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Potsdam is served by several motorways: the A 10, a beltway better known as Berliner Ring, the A 115 and is closely linked to the A 2 and A 9.

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The University of Potsdam was founded in 1991 as a university of the State of Brandenburg.

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Potsdam joined UNESCO's Network of Creative Cities as a Design City on October 31,2019 on the occasion of World Cities' Day.

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