13 Facts About Saltillo


Saltillo is the capital and largest city of the northeastern Mexican state of Coahuila and is the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name.

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Saltillo is one of the most industrialized areas of Mexico and has one of the largest automotive industries in the country, with plants such as Tupy, Grupo Industrial Saltillo, General Motors, Stellantis, Daimler AG, Freightliner Trucks, Delphi, Plastic Omnium, Magna, and Nemak operating in the region.

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Saltillo is a manufacturing centre noted for commercial, communications, and manufacturing of products both traditional and modern.

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Saltillo grew slowly due to hostility from the indigenous Chichimeca people and water shortages, and a 100 years after its founding its population was only about 300.

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Saltillo became administratively important at the end of the eighteenth century, when a branch of the Royal Treasury was established in the city.

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Peninsular merchants in Saltillo married into the local elite society, acquired rural properties, and sought local office.

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Saltillo could produce wheat commercially as long as there was access to water, but as with many other parts of the North, drought was a consistent threat.

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In 1824, Saltillo was made the capital of the State of Coahuila y Tejas which included the area of the current U S state of Texas until the Texas War of Independence and the founding of the independent Texas Republic.

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On 23 October 1840, the Battle of Saltillo took place after 110 Texans and Tejanos crossed the Rio Grande and attacked the city as part of a campaign to establish the Republic of the Rio Grande, a separatist rebellion in northeastern Mexico which had Texan support.

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Saltillo is home to the Grupo Industrial Saltillo, an important manufacturing conglomerate that makes home appliances, silverware, and auto parts.

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In Saltillo there are about 22 museums, including: Museum of the Presidents' Coahuilenses, Campus of the University Cultural Heritage, 'Pinacoteca Ateneo Fuente' of the Autonomous University of Coahuila, Museum-Parish Archive, Hall of Natural History.

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City of Saltillo is known for its rondalla, being the highest representative of the Rondallesque movement in Mexico for more than four decades.

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The 'Rondalla de Saltillo' went beyond transposing the established limits and creating its own style.

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