10 Facts About Soviet Armenia


From 1828, with the Treaty of Turkmenchay to the October Revolution in 1917, Eastern Soviet Armenia had been part of the Russian Empire and partly confined to the borders of the Erivan Governorate.

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Additionally, despite opposition from Armenian Bolshevik revolutionary Alexander Miasnikian, the Soviet government granted Nagorno-Karabakh and Nakhichevan to Soviet Azerbaijan, as they did not have direct control over those areas at the time and were primarily concerned with restoring regional stability.

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Life under Soviet Armenia rule proved to be a soothing balm in contrast to the turbulent years of the First Republic.

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Still, Soviet Armenia played a valuable role in the war in providing food, manpower and war material.

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The Soviet Armenia Union relinquished its claims over the lost territories, and Ankara joined the anti-Soviet Armenia NATO military alliance in 1952.

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However, although the Soviet state remained ever wary of the resurgence of Armenian nationalism, it did not impose the sort of restrictions as were seen during Stalin's time.

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Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh, which was promised to Armenia by the Bolsheviks but transferred to Soviet Azerbaijan, began a movement to unite the area with Armenia.

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Soviet Armenia confirmed its independence in a referendum on 21 September 1991 after the unsuccessful coup attempt in Moscow by the CPSU hardliners.

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Armenian SSR, as a Soviet republic, was internationally recognized by the United Nations as part of the Soviet Union but it had Norair Sisakian as President of the 21st session of the UNESCO General Conference in 1964.

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The Soviet Armenia Union was a member of Comecon, Warsaw Pact and the International Olympic Committee.

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