34 Facts About Tbilisi


Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia, and since then has served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics.

FactSnippet No. 821,648

Tbilisi's history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, neoclassical, Beaux Arts, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and the Modern structures.

FactSnippet No. 821,649

King Dachi of Iberia, the successor of Vakhtang I, moved the capital of Iberia from Mtskheta to Tbilisi and began construction of the fortress wall that lined the city's new boundaries.

FactSnippet No. 821,650

In 1121, after heavy fighting with the Seljuks, the troops of the King of Georgia David IV of Georgia besieged Tbilisi, which ended in 1122 and as a result David moved his residence from Kutaisi to Tbilisi, making it the capital of a unified Georgian State and thus inaugurating the Georgian Golden Age.

FactSnippet No. 821,651

In 1226, Tbilisi was captured by the Khwarezmian Empire Shah Jalal ad-Din, and its defenses severely devastated and prone to Mongol armies.

FactSnippet No. 821,652

The nation itself maintained a form of semi-independence and did not lose its statehood, but Tbilisi was strongly influenced by the Mongols for the next century both politically and culturally.

FactSnippet No. 821,653

In 1386, Tbilisi was invaded and sacked several times by the armies of Tamerlane.

FactSnippet No. 821,654

In 1522, Tbilisi was garrisoned for the first time by a large Safavid force.

FactSnippet No. 821,655

Under the later rules of Teimuraz II and Heraclius II, Tbilisi became a vibrant political and cultural center free of foreign rule—but, fearful of the constant threat of invasion, Georgia's rulers sought Russian protection in the 1783 Treaty of Georgievsk.

FactSnippet No. 821,656

From 1918 to 1919, the city consecutively served as the headquarters of the country's German garrison and later the British 27th Division; Tbilisi was the main office of the British Chief Commissioner in Transcaucasia, Oliver Wardrop and the High Commissioner to Armenia, Colonel William N Haskell.

FactSnippet No. 821,657

Under the national government, Tbilisi turned into the first Caucasian University City after the Tbilisi State University was founded in 1918.

FactSnippet No. 821,658

In 1921, the Democratic Republic of Georgia was occupied by the Soviet Bolshevik forces from Russia, and until 1936 Tbilisi functioned first as the capital city of the Transcaucasian SFSR, and afterward until 1991 as the capital of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.

FactSnippet No. 821,659

Tbilisi witnessed mass anti-Russian demonstrations during 1956 in the 9 March Massacre, in protest against the anti-Stalin policies of Nikita Khrushchev.

FactSnippet No. 821,660

Since the break-up of the Soviet Union, Tbilisi has experienced periods of significant instability and turmoil.

FactSnippet No. 821,661

Average citizens of Tbilisi started to become increasingly disillusioned with the existing quality of life in the city .

FactSnippet No. 821,662

Since 2003, Tbilisi has experienced considerably more stability with decreasing crime rates, an improved economy, and a real estate boom.

FactSnippet No. 821,663

Tbilisi is located in the South Caucasus at 41° 43' North Latitude and 44° 47' East Longitude.

FactSnippet No. 821,664

Tbilisi has a humid subtropical climate with considerable continental and semi-arid influences.

FactSnippet No. 821,665

The largest stadium in Tbilisi is the Dinamo Arena and the second largest is the Mikheil Meskhi Stadium .

FactSnippet No. 821,666

The basketball club Dinamo Tbilisi won the Euroleague in 1962 but never repeated any such feat.

FactSnippet No. 821,667

Tbilisi is most notable for its abundance of Art Nouveau buildings and details, which flourished from the mid-1890s to through the end of Russian rule.

FactSnippet No. 821,668

Tbilisi was designated as the World Book Capital for 2021 by UNESCO.

FactSnippet No. 821,669

Beyond traditional attractions, Tbilisi has developed burgeoning nightclub culture which started to attract international media attention in the 2010s.

FactSnippet No. 821,670

Public transport system and the relevant infrastructure in Tbilisi is primarily managed by the Transport and Urban Development Agency.

FactSnippet No. 821,671

Tbilisi Metro serves the city with rapid transit subway services.

FactSnippet No. 821,672

Tbilisi is the busiest intersection of Georgian Railways services, primarily centred within Tbilisi Central Railway Station.

FactSnippet No. 821,673

Tbilisi joined the global trend, unveiling cycling lanes in city's central areas, such as Vake, Vera and the bank of the Kura River.

FactSnippet No. 821,674

The head of the city's transport department told Euronews Georgia that Tbilisi is working on a 20-year long urban mobility development strategy.

FactSnippet No. 821,675

Tbilisi had a tram network, since 1883 starting from horse-driven trams and from 25 December 1904 electric tramway.

FactSnippet No. 821,676

In 2019, the company operating yellow minibuses in Tbilisi was asked to replace the entire fleet by the end of 2020.

FactSnippet No. 821,677

Since 2012, Tbilisi has a modern, high-capacity gondola lift which operates between Rike Park and the Narikala fortress; each gondola can carry up to 8 persons.

FactSnippet No. 821,678

The top of the hill is the highest point of the city, offering many different views of Tbilisi, and is home to the Tbilisi TV Broadcasting Tower as well as some amusement rides, including a roller-coaster and a ferris wheel.

FactSnippet No. 821,679

The Free University of Tbilisi was established in 2007 through the merger of two higher education schools: European School of Management and Tbilisi Institute of Asia and Africa .

FactSnippet No. 821,680

The number of foreigners living and working in Tbilisi has risen in recent years together with the openings of international schools, businesses, expat's communities, and online networks.

FactSnippet No. 821,681