Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast.
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Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461.
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In Latin, Trabzon was called, which is a latinization of its ancient Greek name.
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Between 1461 and 1598 Trabzon remained the administrative center of the wider region; first as 'sanjac center' of Rum Eyalet, later of Erzincan-Bayburt eyalet, Anadolu Eyalet, and Erzurum Eyalet.
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The Eyalet of Trabzon had always sent troops for the Ottoman campaigns in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries.
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Many Christian and Muslim families from Trabzon moved to Constantinople, where they established businesses or sought employment - such as the grandfather of Ahmet Ertegun.
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The Ottoman administration of Trabzon foresaw the fall of the city and called for a meeting with community leaders, where they handed control of the city to Greek metropolitan bishop Chrysantos Philippidis.
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Ali Sukru Bey, who had studied in Deniz Harp Okulu and worked as a journalist in the United Kingdom, is seen as a hero by the people of Trabzon, while in neighboring Giresun there is a statue of his murderer Topal Osman.
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Trabzon is famous throughout Turkey for its anchovies called hamsi, which are the main meal in many restaurants in the city.
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Trabzon Province has a total area of 4, 685 square kilometres and is bordered by the provinces of Rize, Giresun and Gumushane.
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Trabzon used to be an important reference point for navigators in the Black Sea during harsh weather conditions.
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Trabzon has four lakes: Uzungol, Cakirgol, Sera and Haldizen Lakes.
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Trabzon has a climate typical of the coastal eastern Black Sea region, a humid subtropical climate with ample precipitation, and the climate turning oceanic (Cfb) on the hillsides.
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In 1920, Trabzon produced linen cloth, silver filagree, tanning and small amounts of cotton, silk and wool.
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Trabzon produced a white green bean, which was sold in Europe.
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Robert W Edwards published part of an early 15th-century diary from the Castilian ambassador who visited Trabzon and compared the churches of the Greek and Armenian communities.
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Trabzon has a number of tourist attractions, some of them dating back to the times of the ancient empires that once existed in the region.
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People of Trabzon have a reputation for being religiously conservative and nationalist.
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Trabzon hosted the First Edition of the Black Sea Games in July 2007 and the 2011 European Youth Summer Olympic Festival.
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