17 Facts About Trafalgar Square


Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, laid out in the early 19th century around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.

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Trafalgar Square has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations, including Bloody Sunday in 1887, the culmination of the first Aldermaston March, anti-war protests, and campaigns against climate change.

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Name "Trafalgar Square" is a Spanish word of Arabic origin, derived from either Taraf al-Ghar or Taraf al-Gharb .

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Trafalgar Square is owned by the King in Right of the Crown and managed by the Greater London Authority, while Westminster City Council owns the roads around the square, including the pedestrianised area of the North Terrace.

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Point in Trafalgar Square is regarded as the official centre of London in legislation and when measuring distances from the capital.

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Trafalgar Square's plans left open the whole area of what became Trafalgar Square, except for a block in the centre, which he reserved for a new building for the Royal Academy.

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Around 1835, it was decided that the square would be named after the Battle of Trafalgar as suggested by architect George Ledwell Taylor, commemorating Nelson's victory over the French and Spanish in 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Trafalgar Square took so long to complete sketches that its corpse began to decompose and some parts had to be improvised.

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Trafalgar Square has been Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens since 1996.

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Trafalgar Square was the target of two suffragette bombings in 1913 and 1914.

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Trafalgar Square was once famous for feral pigeons and feeding them was a popular activity.

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Trafalgar Square was arrested and the tree was repaired by tree surgeons who removed gouged sections from the trunk while the tree was suspended from a crane.

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Trafalgar Square has become a social and political focus for visitors and Londoners, developing over its history from "an esplanade peopled with figures of national heroes, into the country's foremost place politique", as historian Rodney Mace has written.

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On 6 July 2005 Trafalgar Square hosted the official watch party for London's bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics at the 117th IOC Session in Singapore, hosted by Katy Hill and Margherita Taylor.

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Trafalgar Square is one of the squares on the standard British Monopoly Board.

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Several scenes in the dystopian future of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four take place in Trafalgar Square, which was renamed "Victory Square" by the story's totalitarian regime and dominated by the giant statue of Big Brother which replaced Nelson.

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Trafalgar Square has seen controversy over busking and street theatre, which have attracted complaints over noise and public safety.

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