27 Facts About Acharya Kripalani


Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, popularly known as Acharya Kripalani, was an Indian politician, noted particularly for holding the presidency of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power in 1947 and the husband of Sucheta Kripalani.

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Acharya Kripalani grew close to Gandhi and at one point, he was one of Gandhi's most ardent disciples.

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Acharya Kripalani had served as the General Secretary of the INC for almost a decade.

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Acharya Kripalani had experience working in the field of education and was made the president to rebuild the INC.

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Acharya Kripalani was a familiar figure to generations of dissenters, from the Non-Cooperation Movements of the 1920s to the Emergency of the 1970s.

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Jivatram Bhagwandas Acharya Kripalani was born in Hyderabad in Sindh in 1888.

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Acharya Kripalani was involved in the Non-Cooperation Movement of the early 1920s.

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Acharya Kripalani worked in Gandhi's ashrams in Gujarat and Maharashtra on tasks of social reform and education, and later left for Bihar and the United Provinces in northern India to teach and organise new ashrams.

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Acharya Kripalani courted arrested on numerous occasions during the Civil Disobedience movements and smaller occasions of organising protests and publishing seditious material against the British Raj.

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Acharya Kripalani was prominently involved over a decade in top Congress party affairs, and in the organisation of the Salt Satyagraha and the Quit India Movement.

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Acharya Kripalani served in the interim government of India and the Constituent Assembly of India.

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Acharya Kripalani had served as the General Secretary of the INC for 12 years.

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Acharya Kripalani had experience working in the field of education and was made the president to rebuild the INC.

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Acharya Kripalani, supported by Nehru, was defeated by Patel's candidate Purushottam Das Tandon.

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Bruised by his defeat, and disillusioned by what he viewed as the abandonment of the Gandhian ideal of a countless village republics, Acharya Kripalani left the Congress and became one of the founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party.

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In October 1961, Kripalani contested the Lok Sabha seat of V K Krishna Menon, then serving as Minister of Defence, in a race that would come to attract extraordinary amounts of attention.

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Acharya Kripalani, who had previously endorsed Menon's foreign policy, devoted himself to attacking his vituperative opponent's personality, but ultimately lost the race, with Menon winning in a landslide.

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Acharya Kripalani remained in opposition for the rest of his life and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952,1957,1963, and 1967.

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When Congress split in 1969, Sucheta Acharya Kripalani became part of Congress, led by Nijalingappa and Morarji Desai.

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Acharya Kripalani was concerned with the privilege of parliament over the press.

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Acharya Kripalani moved the first-ever No confidence motion on the floor of the Lok Sabha in August 1963, immediately after the disastrous India-China War.

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Acharya Kripalani remained a critic of Nehru's policies and administration while working for social and environmental causes.

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Acharya Kripalani was active, along with Bhave, in preservation and conservation activities throughout the 1970s.

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Acharya Kripalani lived long enough to survive the Emergency and see the first non-Congress government since Independence following the Janata Party victory in the 1977 polls.

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Acharya Kripalani died on 19 March 1982 at the Civil Hospital in Ahmedabad, at the age of 93.

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Acharya Kripalani was born on the same day as Maulana Azad, who was a prominent freedom fighter.

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Acharya Kripalani succeeded the latter as the President of the Indian National Congress at the Meerut session in 1946.

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