14 Facts About Aromanian language


Aromanian language, known as Macedo-Romanian or Vlach, is an Eastern Romance language, similar to Megleno-Romanian, Istro-Romanian and Romanian, spoken in Southeastern Europe.

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An important source of dissimilarity between Romanian and Aromanian is the adstratum languages ; whereas Romanian has been influenced to a greater extent by the Slavic languages, Aromanian has been more influenced by Greek, with which it has been in close contact throughout its history.

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Aromanian language is native to Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Romania and Serbia.

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Aromanian language has a degree of official recognition in North Macedonia, where it is taught as a subject in some primary schools.

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In North Macedonia, Aromanian speakers have the right to use the language in court proceedings.

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Since 2006, Aromanian has had the status of a second official municipal language in the city of Krusevo, the only place in the world where Aromanian has any kind of official status apart from general state recognition.

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Aromanian language is similar to Romanian; its greatest difference lies in vocabulary.

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Aromanian language is generally described as having three main dialects: Farsharot, Gramustean and Pindean.

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Aromanian language has some exceptions from the Romance languages, some of which are shared with Romanian: the definite article is a clitic particle appended at the end of the word, both the definite and indefinite articles can be inflected, and nouns are classified in three genders, with neuter in addition to masculine and feminine.

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Whereas in Romanian the pluperfect is formed synthetically, Aromanian language uses a periphrastic construction with the auxiliary verb am as the imperfect and the past participle, as in Spanish and French, except that French replaces avoir with etre for some intransitive verbs.

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Films produced in the Aromanian language include Toma Enache's I'm Not Famous but I'm Aromanian and Pero Tsatsa's Carvanea Armaneasca .

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Recent example of the sensitivity of the issue was the 2001 conviction to 15 months in jail of Sotiris Bletsas, a Greek Aromanian who was found guilty of "dissemination of false information" after he distributed informative material on minority languages in Europe, produced by the European Bureau for Lesser Used Languages and financed by the European Commission.

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Aromanian language's conviction met with broad condemnation in Greece, where at least editorial compared the situation to the suppression of Kurdish and other minority languages in Turkey and noted the irony that some prosecutors in fact came from non-Hellenophone families that had once spoken Aromanian or Turkish.

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The spelling of Aromanian language is that decided at the Bitola Symposium of August 1997.

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