15 Facts About Asian elephants


Female captive Asian elephants have lived beyond 60 years when kept in semi-natural surroundings, such as forest camps.

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In zoos, Asian elephants die at a much younger age; captive populations are declining due to a low birth and high death rate.

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The earliest indications of captive use of Asian elephants are engravings on seals of the Indus Valley civilisation dated to the 3rd millennium BC.

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Results of phylogeographic and morphological analyses indicate that the Sri Lankan and Indian Asian elephants are not distinct enough to warrant classification as separate subspecies.

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The Asian elephants living in northern Borneo are smaller than all the other subspecies, but with larger ears, a longer tail, and straight tusks.

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In general, the Asian elephants elephant is smaller than the African bush elephant and has the highest body point on the head.

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Results of studies indicate that Asian elephants have cognitive abilities for tool use and tool-making similar to great apes.

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In China, the Asian elephants elephant survives only in the prefectures of Xishuangbanna, Simao, and Lincang of southern Yunnan.

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Unlike African elephants, which rarely use their forefeet for anything other than digging or scraping soil, Asian elephants are more agile at using their feet in conjunction with the trunk for manipulating objects.

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Human–elephant conflicts occur when Asian elephants raid crops of shifting cultivators in fields, which are scattered over a large area interspersed with forests.

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In countries like Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, the Asian elephant is one of the most feared wild animals, even though they are less deadly than other local animals such as venomous snakes .

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Tusks from Thai poached Asian elephants enter the market; between 1992 and 1997 at least 24 male Asian elephants were killed for their tusks.

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Skin of the Asian elephants elephant is used as an ingredient in Chinese medicine as well as in the manufacture of ornamental beads.

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In 2010, four skinned Asian elephants were found in a forest in Myanmar; 26 Asian elephants were killed by poachers in 2013 and 61 in 2016.

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Bones of Asian elephants excavated at Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley indicate that they were tamed in the Indus Valley civilization and used for work.

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