42 Facts About Barcelona Spain


Barcelona Spain has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination.

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Internationally, Barcelona Spain's name is abbreviated colloquially to 'Barca' in reference to the football club FC Barcelona Spain, whose anthem is the Cant del Barca "Barca chant".

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The cathedral, known very formally by the long name of Catedral Basilica Metropolitana de Barcelona Spain, is sometimes called La Seu, which simply means cathedral in Catalan.

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In 1137, Aragon and the County of Barcelona Spain merged in dynastic union by the marriage of Ramon Berenguer IV and Petronilla of Aragon, their titles finally borne by only one person when their son Alfonso II of Aragon ascended to the throne in 1162.

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Barcelona Spain's territories were later to be known as the Crown of Aragon, which conquered many overseas possessions and ruled the western Mediterranean Sea with outlying territories in Naples and Sicily and as far as Athens in the 13th century.

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Barcelona Spain was the leading slave trade centre of the Crown of Aragon up until the 15th century, when it was eclipsed by Valencia.

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Much of Barcelona Spain was negatively affected by the Napoleonic wars, but the start of industrialisation saw the fortunes of the province improve.

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Pressure for change was particularly strong in Barcelona Spain, which considered that it had been punished during nearly forty years of Francoism for its support of the Republican government.

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Development of Barcelona Spain was promoted by two events in 1986: Spanish accession to the European Community, and particularly Barcelona Spain's designation as host city of the 1992 Summer Olympics.

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Barcelona Spain is peppered with small hills, most of them urbanised, that gave their name to the neighbourhoods built upon them, such as Carmel, Putget and Rovira .

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Barcelona Spain is densely populated, thus heavily influenced by the urban heat island effect.

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Barcelona Spain is one of the most densely populated cities in Europe.

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Barcelona Spain was the 24th most "livable city" in the world in 2015 according to lifestyle magazine Monocle.

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Similarly, according to Innovation Analysts 2thinknow, Barcelona Spain occupies 13th place in the world on Innovation Cities™ Global Index.

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Borsa de Barcelona Spain is the main stock exchange in the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Barcelona Spain was the 20th-most-visited city in the world by international visitors and the fifth most visited city in Europe after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome, with 5.

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Barcelona Spain has long been an important European automobile manufacturing centre.

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Barcelona Spain is governed by a city council formed by 41 city councillors, elected for a four-year term by universal suffrage.

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Since the coming of the Spanish democracy, Barcelona Spain had been governed by the PSC, first with an absolute majority and later in coalition with ERC and ICV.

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Barcelona Spain has a well-developed higher education system of public universities.

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Barcelona Spain is home to the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, and in the private sector the EADA Business School, which became the first Barcelona Spain institution to run manager training programmes for the business community.

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Barcelona Spain is designated as a world-class city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network.

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Barcelona Spain has many venues for live music and theatre, including the world-renowned Gran Teatre del Liceu opera house, the Teatre Nacional de Catalunya, the Teatre Lliure and the Palau de la Musica Catalana concert hall.

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Barcelona Spain is home to the Barcelona Spain Symphony and Catalonia National Orchestra, the largest symphonic orchestra in Catalonia.

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Barcelona Spain is an international hub of highly active and diverse nightlife with bars, dance bars and nightclubs staying open well past midnight.

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Barcelona Spain has a long sporting tradition and hosted the highly successful 1992 Summer Olympics as well as several matches during the 1982 FIFA World Cup .

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FC Barcelona Spain is a sports club best known worldwide for its football team, one of the largest and the second richest in the world.

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Barcelona Spain was the host city for the 2013 World Aquatics Championships, which were held at the Palau San Jordi.

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Barcelona Spain is home to numerous social centres and illegal squats that effectively form a shadow society mainly made up of the unemployed, immigrants, dropouts, anarchists, anti-authoritarians and autonomists.

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Barcelona Spain argues that these squats embrace an anarcho-communist and anti-work philosophy, often freely fixing up new houses, cleaning, patching roofs, installing windows, toilets, showers, lights and kitchens.

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Port of Barcelona Spain has a 2000-year-old history and a great contemporary commercial importance.

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Barcelona Spain harbour is the leading European cruiser port and a very important Mediterranean turnaround base.

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Barcelona Spain is a major hub for the Spanish rail network.

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Barcelona Spain is served by an extensive local public transport network that includes a metro system, a bus network, a regional railway system, trams, funiculars, rack railways, a Gondola lift and aerial cable cars.

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Buses in Barcelona Spain are a major form of public transport, with extensive local, interurban and night bus networks.

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Barcelona Spain won the 1999 RIBA Royal Gold Medal for its architecture, the first time that the winner has been a city rather than an individual architect.

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Barcelona Spain is the home of many points of interest declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO:.

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Barcelona Spain has a great number of museums, which cover different areas and eras.

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The Erotic museum of Barcelona Spain is among the most peculiar ones, while CosmoCaixa is a science museum that received the European Museum of the Year Award in 2006.

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Museum of Natural Sciences of Barcelona Spain was founded in 1882 under the name of "Museo Martorell de Arqueologia y Ciencias Naturales" .

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Barcelona Spain contains sixty municipal parks, twelve of which are historic, five of which are thematic, forty-five of which are urban, and six of which are forest.

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Barcelona Spain beach was listed as number one in a list of the top ten city beaches in the world according to National Geographic and Discovery Channel.

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