41 Facts About Basawon Singh


Basawon Singh or Basawan Singh known as Basawon Sinha, was an Indian independence activist and a campaigner for the rights of the underprivileged, industrial labourers and agricultural workers.

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Basawon Singh spent a total of 18 and a half years in prisons in British India as a consequence of his support for independence and he was committed to democratic socialism.

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Basawon Singh was born in a poor farming family in Jamalpur, Hajipur, Bihar on 23 March 1909.

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Basawon Singh's mother sold a bamboo every month for two rupees to meet his other school expenses.

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Basawon Singh was involved with Bihar Vidyapeeth at Sadakat Ashram in Patna, where he undertook intensive military training with a small group of youths.

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Basawon Singh was co-accused in the Bhusawal, Kakori, Tirhut and Deluaha conspiracy cases.

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Basawon Singh carried on the movement along with Chandrashekhar Azad and Keshab Chakravarty.

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Basawon Singh was sentenced to seven years in prison but escaped from Bankipore Central jail in June 1930 after three days.

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Basawon Singh was released from jail in June 1936 because of his poor health but the city act was imposed on him to restrict his movement.

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Basawon Singh studied subjects such as history, geography, political science, philosophy, social sciences and natural sciences during his imprisonments.

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Basawon Singh was active in the trades union movement from 1936 until his death in 1989.

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Basawon Singh joined the Congress Socialist Party in December 1936 and was appointed its labour secretary.

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Basawon Singh established trade unions in the coal fields, sugar mills, mica mines and railways of Bihar.

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Basawon Singh formed Japla labour union in 1937, Baulia Labour union in 1937, organised the workers of Jamalpur Workshop along with Shivnath Bannerjee, formed the Gaya cotton and Jute Mill Labour Union, formed the Tata Collieries Labour Association along with Subhas Chandra Bose and went on to become the latter organisation's president when Bose left India in 1941.

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Basawon Singh organised coal workers of Talcher with close co-ordination and support of Dukhabandhu Mishra, Rajgangpur and Satna ; established Mica Workers Union, Gomia Labour Union, later these unions affiliated to HMS.

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Basawon Singh was active in AIRF from 1936, president of OT Railway Union from Agra to Nefa and NE Railway Mazdoor Union.

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Basawon Singh was rearrested in April 1937 along with Jayaprakash Narayan, Benipuri and others in Patna for "unconstitutional" works for six months.

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Basawon Singh attended the Bombay AICC session and conducted the movement from the underground.

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Basawon Singh was held in Delhi on 8 January 1943 to be freed only on 3 April 1946 after which he continued his nationalist and trade union work.

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Basawon Singh organised the workers on various fields such as sugar, coal, cement, mica, explosives, aluminium, iron and steel industries, railways, post-offices and banks, etc.

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Basawon Singh was one of the founders of the Hind Mazdoor Sabha, and its president at the state and central levels.

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Basawon Singh was actively involved with the All India Railwaymen's Federation since 1936 onwards.

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Basawon Singh was the first Bihari who observed the Independence Day on 26 January 1940 by taking out an unlicensed procession and delivering an anti-war speech at Japla.

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Basawon Singh was convicted at Daltonganj and sentenced to suffer 18 months rigorous imprisonment under the Defence of India Rules.

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Basawon Singh was kept in the T Cell of the Hazaribagh Central Jail while Narayan was arrested on 18 February 1940.

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Basawon Singh played a highly remarkable and inspiring role in the historic Quit India Movement.

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Basawon Singh went underground and organised his guerilla band of freedom fighters in the dense forest of Palamau.

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Narayan was willing to meet with Basawon Singh to spell out the programme to overthrow the British Raj through armed struggle.

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Basawon Singh was incarcerated in cross-bars and fetters in the condemned cells of the Red Fort dungeons, Delhi Jail, and Bankipur, Gaya, Bhagalpur and Hazaribagh Central Jail.

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Basawon Singh was released in April 1947 subsequent to the formation of the Congress Ministry in Bihar headed by Krishna Singh on 2 April 1946.

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Basawon Singh was a member of the National Executive of the Socialist Party.

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Basawon Singh is the founder of HMS, one of the six national federations affiliated to the Socialists.

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Basawon Singh was held for Gomia strike in 1965 fighting for the rights of workers.

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Basawon Singh was a prominent leader of Socialist Party until its merger with other political parties to form the Janata Party and its government in Bihar as well as in India in 1977.

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Basawon Singh was a member of the national executive of the Socialist Party from 1939 till 1977 and for many years as its state President.

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Basawon Singh won from Dehri-on-Sone in the first General Elections of 1952 and became an important opposition leader from 1952 until 1962.

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Basawon Singh was a Member of legislative Council from 1962 to 1968.

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Basawon Singh became one of the most powerful Cabinet Ministers in the 1967 Coalition Government.

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Basawon Singh was twice elected to the Rajya Sabha from 1990 to 2000, and later served as Ambassador to Suriname and Barbados.

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Basawon Singh had broad knowledge and was known for his scholarship among the Indian Independence Movement activists.

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Basawon Singh visited the United States in 1984 on the invitation of the American Federation of Labour Congress of Industrial Workers Organization.

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