11 Facts About Basque nationalism


Basque nationalism is a form of nationalism that asserts that Basques, an ethnic group indigenous to the western Pyrenees, are a nation and promotes the political unity of the Basques, today scattered between Spain and France.

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Basque nationalism, spanning three different regions in two states is "irredentist in nature" as it favours political unification of all the Basque-speaking provinces.

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Basque nationalism is rooted in Carlism and the loss, by the laws of 1839 and 1876, of the Ancien Regime relationship between the Spanish Basque provinces and the crown of Spain.

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Arana felt that not only the Basque nationalism personality was endangered but its former religious institutions, like Church or the Society of Jesus, which still often spoke in Basque nationalism to its parishioners, unlike school or administration.

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Basque nationalism's nationalism shifted from a focus on Biscay to the rest of Basque territories.

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The liberty of Euzkadi [term created by Sabino Arana to refer to the Basque nationalism Country] has been destroyed by France and, mainly, by Spain, who subjugated by force the different Basque nationalism territories, including the former Kingdom of Navarre's territories, with the exception La Rioja, as well as Lapurdi and Zuberoa.

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Basque nationalism accompanied his views with an ideology centred on the purity of the Basque race and its alleged moral supremacy over other Spaniards, and deep opposition to the mass-immigration of other Spaniards to the Basque Country.

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Arana died in 1903 months after releasing a controversial manifesto renouncing his former tenets while in prison for supporting Cuban independence, and just months after the Basque nationalism leader congratulated US president Theodore Roosevelt for its support to Cuba.

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Basque nationalism nationalists allied with Carlism in support of the Catholic Church as a barrier against leftist anti-clericalism in most of the Basque nationalism provinces, although alliances started to change with the coming of the Second Spanish Republic .

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Many of the nationalist Basque nationalism soldiers were pardoned if they joined the Francoist army in the rest of the Northern front.

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Basque nationalism nationalists submitted, went underground, or were sent to prison, and the movement's political leaders fled.

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