21 Facts About Bayreuth


Bayreuth is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.

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One can therefore assume that Bayreuth was awarded its town charter between 1200 and 1230.

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In 1398 Bayreuth was partitioned from Nuremberg, becoming the Principality of Bayreuth .

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The town of Bayreuth developed slowly and was affected time and again by disasters.

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Bayreuth was an educated and well-travelled man, whose tutor had been the statesman Joachim Friedrich von Blumenthal.

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Bayreuth experienced its Golden Age during the reign of Margrave Frederick and Margravine Wilhelmina of Bayreuth, the favourite sister of Frederick the Great.

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Bayreuth lacked the means due to the elaborate lifestyle of his predecessor, because the buildings and the salaries of the mainly foreign artists had swallowed up a lot of money.

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Rule of the Hohenzollerns over the Principality of Kulmbach-Bayreuth ended in 1806 after the defeat of Prussia by Napoleonic France.

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Bayreuth became the capital of the Bavarian district of Mainkreis, which later transferred into Obermainkreis and was finally renamed as the province of Upper Franconia.

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Bayreuth was first given a railway connexion in 1853, when the Bayreuth–Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg railway was built at the town's expense.

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In 1886, the composer Franz Liszt died in Bayreuth while visiting his daughter Cosima Liszt, Wagner's widow.

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In 1949, Bayreuth became the seat of the government of Upper Franconia again.

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Current Member of the German Bundestag for Bayreuth is Silke Launert from the Christian Social Union in Bavaria.

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In 1955 Bayreuth took on sponsorship for displaced Sudeten Germans from the town of Franzensbad in Okres Cheb.

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Best known park in Bayreuth is that of the "Eremitage" in the district of St Johannis.

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Bayreuth has been chosen to host the Bavarian Country Garden Show in 2016.

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The street hockey team of the Hurricans Bayreuth have been German runners-up three times and champions five times .

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The ice hockey team, EHC Bayreuth, plays in the DEL2, the second highest ice hockey league in Germany.

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Bayreuth had its sporting heyday in the late 1980s and early 90s.

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From 1 January 2010 public transport from the town and district of Bayreuth was integrated into the Nuremberg Regional Transport Network .

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Centuries Bayreuth was a garrison town for the Prussian Army, Royal Bavarian Army, Reichswehr, Wehrmacht, US Army, German Army and the German Border Police .

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