52 Facts About Bogota


Bogota is a territorial entity of the first order, with the same administrative status as the departments of Colombia.

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Bogota stands out for its economic strength and associated financial maturity, its attractiveness to global companies and the quality of human capital.

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Bogota is home to the largest number of universities and research centers in the country, and is an important cultural center, with many theaters, libraries and museums.

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Bogota, then called Santa Fe, later became the capital of the later Viceroyalty of New Granada.

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Bogota started organizing clandestine meetings with other intellectuals and politicians to discuss and promote the independence of the American colonies from the Spanish crown.

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Bogota started deep architectural and urban transformation with significant industrial and artisan production increases.

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Under the second administration of Antanas Mockus, Bogota opened a 'zone of tolerancia' which legalized prostitution in a large swath of the center of the city in the Santa Fe neighborhood.

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Consequently, in the execution of the development plan "For the Bogota we Want" in terms of mobility and in a concrete way to the massive transportation system project, the construction of a special infrastructure exclusively for its operation was determined.

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Petro was reinstated weeks later after a Bogota court ruled that Ordonez had overstepped his authority.

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Protests against police brutality started in Bogota following the death of Javier Ordonez while in police custody on 9 September 2020.

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The Bogota savanna is popularly called "savannah", but constitutes actually a high plateau in the Andes mountains, part of an extended region known as the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, which literally means "high plateau of Cundinamarca and Boyaca".

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Bogota is the largest city in the world at its elevation; there is no urban area that is both higher and more populous than Bogota.

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Bogota River running NE-SW crosses the sabana, forming Tequendama Falls to the south.

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The Sumapaz Paramo borders the south and to the north Bogota extends over the plateau up to the towns of Chia and Sopo.

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Bogota has an oceanic climate bordering on a warm-summer Mediterranean climate .

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The building facades of Bogota were very simplistic without ornaments, meaning no more than a wall with windows and the entry door.

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Landscape of Bogota was very similar from the 16th century to 19th century.

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The constant rural migration to Bogota had been one of the most important factors that allowed the city to maintain its influential power in the region both during the colonial ages and during the republic.

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The Mosquera plan included lotting the western part of Bogota, building bridges and wider roads and plazas, but that plan was only partially implemented.

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Today Bogota has 20 localities, or districts, forming an extensive network of neighborhoods.

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In Bogota, the accelerated urbanization process is not exclusively due to industrialization, since there are complex political and social reasons such as poverty and violence, which have motivated migration from the countryside to the city throughout the 20th century, determining an exponential growth of the population in Bogota and the establishment of misery belts in its surroundings.

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Bogota has gone to great lengths to change its formerly notorious crime rate and its image with increasing success after being considered in the 1990s to be one of the most violent cities in the world.

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Bogota is the capital of the Republic of Colombia, and houses the Congress, Supreme Court of Justice and the center of the executive administration as well as the residence of the President .

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Bogota is the main economic and industrial center of Colombia.

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The Colombian government fosters the import of capital goods, Bogota being one of the main destinations of these imports.

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Bogota ranked highly as a global city where business is done and meetings are held.

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In 2016, Bogota has won 50 major international events, with 12 more world-class events in progress.

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Important landmarks and tourist stops in Bogota include the botanical garden Jose Celestino Mutis, the Quinta de Bolivar, the national observatory, the planetarium, Maloka, the Colpatria observation point, the observation point of La Calera, the monument of the American flags, and La Candelaria .

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Green areas surrounding Bogota are perfect locations for eco-tourism and hiking activities.

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Bogota has a great cultural diversity, coming from different regions of the country, which allows tourists to know the multiculturalism of the country without the need to travel to other cities, this includes gastronomy and different festivals.

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Bogota's economy has been significantly boosted due to new shopping malls built within the last few years.

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Bogota is home to several television stations like Canal Capital and Citytv which are local stations, Canal 13 is a regional station, and is home to the national channels Caracol TV, RCN TV, Canal Uno, Canal Institucional, and Senal Colombia.

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Bogota offers three free newspapers, two Spanish, ADN and Publimetro, and one English, The Bogota Post.

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Bogota's growth has placed a strain on its roads and highways, but since 1998 significant efforts to upgrade the infrastructure have been undertaken.

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Once completed, Bogota will have the largest electric bus fleet in the world outside China.

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Bogota is a hub for domestic and international bus routes.

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The Bogota terminal serves routes to most cities and towns in Colombia and is the largest in the country.

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Bogota has little railway transit infrastructure, following the collapse of the tram network, although a number of plans hope to change that.

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The Bogota Metro has been pushed forward by two successive governments, and construction began in 2020 with opening planned for 2028.

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Bogota is the Colombian city with the most extensive and comprehensive network of bike paths.

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Bogota has many cultural venues including 58 museums, 62 art galleries, 33 library networks, 45 stage theaters, 75 sports and attraction parks, and over 150 national monuments.

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Bogota has worked in recent years to position itself as leader in cultural offerings in South America, and it is increasingly being recognized worldwide as a hub in the region for the development of the arts.

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In 2007, Bogota was awarded the title of Cultural Capital of Ibero-America by the UCCI, and it became the only city to have received the recognition twice, after being awarded for the first time in 1991.

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Bogota gave the Spanish-speaking world Jose Asuncion Silva, Modernism pioneer.

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Urban morphology and typology of colonial buildings in Bogota have been maintained since the late nineteenth century, long after the independence of Colombia .

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Bogota is the first Latin American city to receive this recognition, and the second one in the Americas after Montreal.

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Bogota is home to historical records housed in the General National Archive, a collection of about 60 million documents, one of the largest repositories of primary historical sources in Latin America.

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Bogota has historical museums like the Jorge Eliecer Gaitan Museum, the Museum of Independence, the Quinta de Bolivar and the Casa Museo Francisco Jose de Caldas, as well as the headquarters of Maloka and the Children's Museum of Bogota.

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Bogota has its own film festival, the Bogota Film Festival, and many theaters, showing both contemporary films and art cinema.

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In 2007 Bogota was designated the Ibero-American cultural Capital of Iberoamerica.

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Typical dishes of Bogota include the ajiaco, a soup prepared with chicken, a variety of potatoes, corn on the cob, and guascas, usually served with sour cream and capers, and accompanied by avocado and rice.

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Bogota is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities established on 12 October 1982.

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