17 Facts About Coburg


Coburg is a town located on the Itz river in the Upper Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany.

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Coburg is the location of Veste Coburg, one of Germany's largest castles.

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Since it was little damaged in World War II, Coburg retains many historic buildings, making it a popular tourist destination.

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Coburg, Bavaria was part of West Germany until reunification in 1990, but on three sides it borders Thuringia which was East Germany.

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Coburg was first mentioned in a monastic document dated 1056, which marked the transfer of ownership to the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, although there was a settlement at the site that predates it called Trufalistat.

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In 1596, Coburg was raised to the status of capital of one of the dynasty's splintered Saxon-Thuringian territories, the newly created Duchy of Saxe-Coburg under the leadership of Duke John Casimir .

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Ernest Frederick, the fourth Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, moved his capital from Saalfeld to Coburg in 1764.

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The era of political influence peaked with Leopold Frederick; born Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, becoming the King of Belgium in 1831 and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, born in Schloss Rosenau, marrying his first cousin, Queen Victoria in 1840.

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In 1929, Coburg was the first German town in which the Nazi Party won the absolute majority of the popular vote during municipal elections.

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In 1932, Coburg was the first German town to make Adolf Hitler an honorary citizen.

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In 1946, Polish ambassador Oskar R Lange alleged that Coburg was a base for the Western Allies to organize a Polish armed insurgency led by Wladyslaw Anders against the Soviet-backed communists in Poland.

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Waldrich-Coburg, founded in 1920, manufactures CNC-milling machines in a range of sizes, the largest of which can handle an object of size 50 x 14 x 10 metres.

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Today, the silhouette of the patron saint of the city of Coburg can be found mainly on manhole covers and the city coat of arms.

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Coburg has the typical features of a former capital of a German princely state.

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Coburg is home to two major festivals: Samba-Festival Coburg and Johann Strauss Musiktage.

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Since December 2017, the Coburg station is served by Intercity Express high speed trains of the Munich-Nuremberg-Coburg-Erfurt-Berlin line .

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The OVF covers Coburg's surrounding countryside with an additional 11 bus lines.

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