24 Facts About Cyrillic


Cyrillic script, otherwise known as the Slavonic script or simply the Slavic script, is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia.

FactSnippet No. 608,622

Early Cyrillic alphabet was developed during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School in the First Bulgarian Empire during the reign of tsar Simeon I the Great, probably by disciples of the two Byzantine brothers Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius, who had previously created the Glagolitic script.

FactSnippet No. 608,623

Some Bulgarian intellectuals, notably Stefan Tsanev, have expressed concern over this, and have suggested that the Cyrillic script be called the "Bulgarian alphabet" instead, for the sake of historical accuracy.

FactSnippet No. 608,624

In Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Czech and Slovak, the Cyrillic alphabet is known as azbuka, derived from the old names of the first two letters of most Cyrillic alphabets.

FactSnippet No. 608,625

In Czech and Slovak, which have never used Cyrillic, "azbuka" refers to Cyrillic and contrasts with "abeceda", which refers to the local Latin script and is composed of the names of the first letters.

FactSnippet No. 608,626

The Cyrillic script is derived from the Greek uncial script letters, augmented by ligatures and consonants from the older Glagolitic alphabet for sounds not found in Greek.

FactSnippet No. 608,627

Glagolitic and Cyrillic were formalized by the Byzantine Saints Cyril and Methodius and their disciples, such as Saints Naum, Clement, Angelar, and Sava.

FactSnippet No. 608,628

Cyrillic spread among other Slavic peoples, as well as among non-Slavic Vlachs.

FactSnippet No. 608,629

The earliest datable Cyrillic inscriptions have been found in the area of Preslav, in the medieval city itself and at nearby Patleina Monastery, both in present-day Shumen Province, as well as in the Ravna Monastery and in the Varna Monastery.

FactSnippet No. 608,630

The Cyrillic script came to dominate Glagolitic in the 12th century.

FactSnippet No. 608,631

Bosnian Cyrillic, widely known as Bosancica is an extinct variant of the Cyrillic alphabet that originated in medieval Bosnia.

FactSnippet No. 608,632

Paleographers consider the earliest features of Bosnian Cyrillic script had likely begun to appear between the 10th or 11th century, with the Humac tablet to be the first such document using this type of script and is believed to date from this period.

FactSnippet No. 608,633

Bosnian Cyrillic was used continuously until the 18th century, with sporadic usage even taking place in the 20th century.

FactSnippet No. 608,634

However, over the course of the following millennium, Cyrillic adapted to changes in spoken language, developed regional variations to suit the features of national languages, and was subjected to academic reform and political decrees.

FactSnippet No. 608,635

Cyrillic script spread throughout the East Slavic and some South Slavic territories, being adopted for writing local languages, such as Old East Slavic.

FactSnippet No. 608,636

Development of Cyrillic typography passed directly from the medieval stage to the late Baroque, without a Renaissance phase as in Western Europe.

FactSnippet No. 608,637

Late Medieval Cyrillic letters show a marked tendency to be very tall and narrow, with strokes often shared between adjacent letters.

FactSnippet No. 608,638

Thus, unlike the majority of modern Greek fonts that retained their own set of design principles for lower-case letters, modern Cyrillic fonts are much the same as modern Latin fonts of the same font family.

FactSnippet No. 608,639

Similarly to Latin fonts, italic and cursive types of many Cyrillic letters are very different from their upright roman types.

FactSnippet No. 608,640

Cyrillic script has been used for languages of Alaska, Slavic Europe, the Caucasus, the languages of Idel-Ural, Siberia, and the Russian Far East.

FactSnippet No. 608,641

The Russian government has mandated that Cyrillic must be used for all public communications in all federal subjects of Russia, to promote closer ties across the federation.

FactSnippet No. 608,642

Cyrillic is nominally the official script of Serbia's administration according to the Serbian constitution; however, the law does not regulate scripts in standard language, or standard language itself by any means.

FactSnippet No. 608,643

The non-Latin letters, including Cyrillic, were removed from the alphabet in 1982 and replaced with Latin letters that closely resembled the letters they replaced.

FactSnippet No. 608,644

Punctuation for Cyrillic text is similar to that used in European Latin-alphabet languages.

FactSnippet No. 608,645