36 Facts About Dunedin


Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.

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Today Dunedin has a diverse economy which includes manufacturing, publishing, arts, tourism and technology-based industries.

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Dunedin is noted for its vibrant music scene, as the 1980s birthplace of the Dunedin sound .

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Dunedin reported penguins and seals in the vicinity, which led Australian, American and British sealers to visit from the beginning of the 19th century.

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Name "Dunedin" comes from Dun Eideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.

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In 1852, Dunedin became the capital of the Otago Province, the whole of New Zealand from the Waitaki south.

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In 1861 the discovery of gold at Gabriel's Gully, to the south-west, led to a rapid influx of people and saw Dunedin become New Zealand's first city by growth of population in 1865.

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Dunedin remained the principal local source of the nation's development capital until the Second World War.

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Between 1881 and 1957, Dunedin was home to cable trams, being both one of the first and last such systems in the world.

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The term "The Dunedin sound" was coined to describe the 1960s-influenced, guitar-led music which flourished at the time.

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Dunedin has continued to refurbish itself, embarking on redevelopments of the art gallery, railway station and the Toitu Otago Settlers Museum.

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Dunedin has flourishing niche industries including engineering, software engineering, biotechnology and fashion.

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Dunedin is home to MTF, the nationwide vehicle finance company.

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Dunedin has four public swimming pools: Moana Pool, Port Chalmers Pool, Mosgiel and St Clair Salt Water Pool.

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Dunedin is situated at the head of Otago Harbour, a narrow inlet extending south-westward for some 15 miles.

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Dunedin is home to Baldwin Street, which, according to the Guinness Book of Records, is the steepest street in the world.

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Dunedin skyline is dominated by a ring of hills which form the remnants of a volcanic crater.

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Dunedin has relatively low rainfall in comparison to many of New Zealand's cities, with usually only between 600 and 750 millimetres recorded per year.

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In December 2014 Dunedin was designated as a UNESCO Creative City of Literature.

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Dunedin's application was driven by a steering committee and an advisory board of writers, librarians and academics from a range of Dunedin institutions.

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Dunedin is New Zealand's first city to be appointed to the Creative City network.

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Dunedin Symphony Orchestra is a semi-professional orchestra based in Dunedin.

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Dunedin lends its name to the Dunedin sound, a form of indie rock music which was created in the city in the 1980s.

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Some Dunedin bands recorded on the Flying Nun Records label, based in Christchurch.

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Dunedin has been home to bands since the end of the Dunedin sound era.

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Dunedin hosted the world's southernmost professional theatre company, the Fortune Theatre, based in the former Trinity Methodist Church, until it closed in 2018.

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Dunedin has a substantial public art gallery, the Dunedin Public Art Gallery, in the Octagon.

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Dunedin has three marae for Ngai Tahu, each with its own wharenui .

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Flag of the city of Dunedin is a banner of arms in white and green and featuring the castle, lymphad, ram's head and wheat sheafs as on the coat of arms.

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Dunedin is covered by two general electorates, Dunedin and Taieri, and one Maori electorate, Te Tai Tonga.

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City in general is a stronghold of the New Zealand Labour Party, having won the Dunedin-based electorate seats continuously since the 1978 election.

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In 1975, the NZBC was broken up with the Wellington and Dunedin studios taking over NZBC TV as Television One while Auckland and Christchurch studios launched Television Two .

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Dunedin is home to 12 secondary schools: eight state and four state-integrated.

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The main state highway in Dunedin is State Highway 1, which runs in a north to south-west direction through the middle of the city, connecting Dunedin with Invercargill to the south and Timaru and Christchurch to the north.

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Dunedin is the northeastern terminus of the Southern Scenic Route, a tourist highway connecting Dunedin to Te Anau via The Catlins, Invercargill and Fiordland.

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Dunedin City Council-owned operator Citibus was a major player until 2011 when Passenger Transport purchased Citibus from Dunedin City Holdings, and both companies were subsequently bought by Go Bus.

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