49 Facts About Auckland


Auckland is a large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand.

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The Maori-language name for Auckland is, meaning "Tamaki desired by many", in reference to the desirability of its natural resources and geography.

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Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water.

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Auckland isthmus was first settled c and was valued for its rich and fertile land.

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Auckland named the area for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, British First Lord of the Admiralty.

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In 1865, Auckland was replaced by Wellington as the capital, but continued to grow, initially because of its port and the logging and gold-mining activities in its hinterland, and later because of pastoral farming in the surrounding area, and manufacturing in the city itself.

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University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand.

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Auckland isthmus was settled by Maori circa 1350, and was valued for its rich and fertile land.

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Auckland was founded on 18 September 1840 and was officially declared New Zealand's capital in 1841, and the transfer of the administration from Russell in the Bay of Islands was completed in 1842.

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Auckland benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport.

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Auckland's port handled 31 percent of the country's container trade in 2015.

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Face of urban Auckland changed when the government's immigration policy began allowing immigrants from Asia in 1986.

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Under the Koppen climate classification, Auckland has an oceanic climate, while according to the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, its climate is classified as subtropical with warm humid summers and mild damp winters.

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Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions.

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Many ethnic groups, since the late 20th century, have had an increasing presence in Auckland, making it by far the country's most cosmopolitan city.

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Auckland is home to the largest ethnic Polynesian population of any city in the world, with a sizable population of Pacific Islanders and indigenous Maori people.

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Immigration from overseas into Auckland is partially offset by net emigration of people from Auckland to other regions of New Zealand, mainly Waikato and Bay of Plenty.

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Auckland is experiencing substantial population growth via immigration and natural population increases, and is set to grow to an estimated 1.

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In July 2016, Auckland Council released, as the outcome of a three-year study and public hearings, its Unitary Plan for Auckland.

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Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities.

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Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world .

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Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue.

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Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.

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Auckland Domain is one of the largest parks in the city, close to the Auckland CBD and having a good view of the Hauraki Gulf and Rangitoto Island.

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The Waitakere Ranges Regional Park to the west of Auckland has relatively unspoiled bush territory, as do the Hunua Ranges to the south.

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Auckland has a considerable number of rugby union and cricket grounds, and venues for association football, netball, rugby league, basketball, hockey, ice hockey, motorsports, tennis, badminton, swimming, rowing, golf and many other sports.

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Major events previously held in Auckland include the 1950 British Empire Games and the Commonwealth Games in 1990, and a number of matches of the 1987 Rugby World Cup and 2011 Rugby World Cup.

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The NRL Auckland Nines was a rugby league nines preseason competition played at Eden Park from 2014 to 2017.

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Auckland is the major economic and financial centre of New Zealand.

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The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary.

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Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education.

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Auckland's housing is amongst the least affordable in the world, based on comparing average house prices with average household income levels and house prices have grown way well above the rate of inflation in recent decades.

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Research has found that Auckland is set to become even more densely populated in future which could ease the burden by creating higher density housing in the city centre.

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Auckland Council is the local authority with jurisdiction over the city of Auckland, along with surrounding rural areas, parkland, and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf.

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From 1989 to 2010, Auckland was governed by several city and district councils, with regional oversight by Auckland Regional Council.

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Royal Commission on Auckland Governance was set up in 2007, and in 2009 it recommended a unified local governance structure for Auckland by amalgamating the councils.

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Twenty councillors make up the remainder of the Auckland Council governing body, elected from thirteen electoral wards.

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Auckland has some of the largest universities in the country.

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Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003.

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Two of the longest arterial roads within the Auckland Region are Great North Road and Great South Road – the main connections in those directions before the construction of the State Highway network.

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In 2010 Auckland ranked quite low in its use of public transport, having only 46 public transport trips per capita per year, while Wellington has almost twice this number at 91, and Sydney has 114 trips.

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Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity.

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Auckland's ports are the second largest of the country, behind the Port of Tauranga, and a large part of both inbound and outbound New Zealand commerce travels through them, mostly via the facilities northeast of Auckland CBD.

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Auckland is a major cruise ship stopover point, with the ships usually tying up at Princes Wharf.

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Auckland CBD is connected to coastal suburbs, to the North Shore and to outlying islands by ferry.

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Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country.

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Research at Griffith University has indicated that from the 1950s to the 1980s, Auckland engaged in some of the most pro-automobile transport policies anywhere in the world.

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The 2006 Auckland Blackout interrupted supply to the CBD and many inner suburbs after an earth wire shackle at Transpower's Otahuhu substation broke and short-circuited the lines supplying the inner city.

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Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.

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